May twenty. REVIEW FOR EXAM
Warning sign: your class is the last one taking the
exam on Thursday. Since your class is the last one taking
the exam on Thursday, if you are taking it Thursday because
I gave you three other times to take it, my advice is to get
here early to get a seat because if I know students
correctly giving them four times, the vast majority will
take it the last time possible which will be this one and I
suspect this classroom will be packed. Okay? But if you
take it at a different time you should have, um, no
problem. Okay? So that was just the suggestion.
Before we go over the word list which is of course what
you all want me to do, please keep in mind that the words
are only fifty percent of the exam. Memorizing the words
can get you fifty points but without understanding them and
how to apply them in an essay question you're screwed
anyway. Okay? We had that happen in one class exactly one
student actually got well 48 points on the identification,
and got a fat zero on the mid term essay. So I don't always
give points on the essay. I try to hopefully put something
in but in this case way off base. So please I can't you
know emphasize more the concept of knowing the material not
just memorizing it blindly that's why I hate the word list
but still I want to give you as best a chance as possible
and for many of you it's something to hold onto even if
there are a hundred and fifty words. Gives you a little
security well at least you know you can memorize but try and
understand them while you're memorizing and that is my
daddly advice. I like to make up words.
Once again, the exam will have two parts: part one and
part two. This time the questions will be different. They
will be different in each class hopefully. I don't know
which class will be more difficult. Student's will let me
know. It's always the other class that was easier it seems
to be and I showed them copies of other exams oh, that was
an easy one and I get that from the class -- I try to
balance them out and in that sense. Okay?
Um, the identification once again ten out of twenty.
Words terms names dates. From the word list from the text
book and may be words that I may have used in class that you
forgot I used which were used over and over again. The
essays, I will give you a choice of one out of two. You
will take the one that you like the least -- no. You will
take the one that you feel you have to take because you
can't answer the other one, but one will be directed towards
the text book one towards the lectures, but you can use text
and lecture and either one usually that's not the issue.
I emphasize the executive judicial and legislative
branches half of the term and therefore you will find
probably some question somehow pertaining to the executive
judicial and legislative branches. What it is I haven't got
the slightest idea. Please remember that the -- that
on-line there are -- there is an example final exam that you
can check out. I don't have no idea which one I put up
there and but I'm sure -- oh, why don't we read one of the
questions from the executive judicial legislative branches.
Q You said describe how public opinion and media the two
party system and the judiciary all limit the power of the
presidency. (Karen, I didn't get the entire question)
Describe how you think a person with charisma can be
perceived by his colleagues as president as a Congress
person as an associate justice. Explain your answer showing
the knowledge of the -- U.S. federal government. Notice I
threw in the charisma and leadership and so you got a -- you
have to analyze it. In other words, it's not a
regurgitating question like how does is a bill become a
law. Okay? You can do that in high school or in elementary
school, but in college we expect that you synthesize it by
using that material and that's what makes people hate me and
my exams, but that's why we create certain standards and all
of you are passing or if you're not, you should have dropped
and -- hopefully you'll pass with better grades than you
anticipated by doing better on the final. Any other
Q Will you post our grades on through web site?
A Yes. Grades will be -- people have been going up
there. Grades that are up there are from last semester. I
only post the final grades up there as soon as I get them
done. Your class I won't post them until all of the grades
are in. Basically because people don't all take the exam at
the same time. Which means that Thursday your class is
taking the exam so none of the grades will be posted until
probably Saturday. They will also be posted on the bulletin
boards outside the classroom sometimes by probably June
first when they have to be turned in, but they'll be up in
the internet and they'll be found because you'll find a
little green man that says grades that's sticking his tongue
out at you. So that will be useful. At least you don't get
what my on-line students get when they click on the grades
because I put theirs up almost every week and it says "bend
over and assume the position." So I'm bad. I know. Q
Can I have the web site again?
A No. It's right on your green sheet. So there's no
sense of my trying to give it to you again. It's written
all over the place. Maybe on the calendar, I wasn't being
nasty to you. I am nasty at times, but I'll let you know
when I intend to be nasty. The lectures are up there within
limitations. We're still missing about six or -- that
Tricia turned over and I asked CJ to check them out. The
words will be up there within -- I should hopefully get this
one up and this is the one with the words. If I get it
tomorrow through Saturday hopefully. As soon as I get them
now that they've been able to put it on the E-mail I can get
it up within about thirty seconds or so. Without any
problem. Really works nice.
Q It's really funny to read them because I remember the
lectures how you -- I checked one out. It's really funny
when you read it. It doesn't seem to make much sense, but
it's different from the lectures.
A Yeah I know. It's what I -- I suggested not reading
them. I will edit them into more formal lectures hopefully
this summer. But it's pretty funny. I would think so
especially taking things out of the context it's like
anything else. Remember what I said earlier right in the
first chapter of my book, in the Nixon Kenney debates?
Those that listened to Kennedy on the radio felt that Nixon
won. Those that watched on TV felt that Kennedy won. So
the large extent of lecture is what I'm expressing and how
I'm expressing in the classroom which can't come through
which in the judicial system explains exactly why they do
not deal on appeals with evidence that's presented in the
courtroom. Because the jury sees the person presenting it
and gets an impression. But when you read it, it is totally
different and so that's why they will not touch on how the
evidence was presented because the jury seeing the evidence
-- and having served on a jury I was amazed at how some
people looked at the witnesses and how -- definitely
influenced their attitude towards the outcome of this simple
case which was simply -- so. I haven't read through them.
Except for, you know, sort of minor editing in the sense
because sometimes they come in with page gaps and I pull
them together, but I do intend to -- and get rid of all my
ums, okay. Any other procedural questions? All right.
Then let's go onto -- you can control your fingers for
the time being, or I'll give you a finger -- so.
Where are we at? Well before going to the word list I
intend to deal with concepts, ideas that might be used for
an essay question. Now you may have no questions or gaps
in your notes or things you want me to fill in, but
understanding as I indicated is fifty percent of the course
and therefore I think before going with that strict
memorization approach, let's respond to any questions that
you think could appear in an essay that you're missing
material in your notes or you're not sure. You want
clarified okay? So let's start with that. Are there any
questions that need clarification not words?
Q The democracy chart. What about it? Would there be a
question on the democracy chart?
A Any material unless we gone through it again or -- I
mean something could be used, it doesn't mean somehow you
find a use for it on the essay, but there won't be any
direct questions relating to the material that was for the
last exam. Certainly any of that material is usable in an
essay question. So it's easy to come up with questions
pertaining to words but the real meat as I keep implying of
the exam is thoughts, concepts, ideas.
Q How far do we need to get into knowing the two party
A I, you know, I don't know if that question that she read
had some element to the two party system. But certainly,
um, I will at times ask you to relate the two party system
to the power of the executive judicial legislative branch.
Now do you need to know the breakdown of the structure of
the parties such as the national party? The national party
chairman, the local and state parties? No. I don't think
that. And I know the text book does do that but that is
beyond -- I emphasize the roll of political party power and
how they're not relevant as they once were and some of that
is in the text book as well.
Any other general questions or specific ones relating to
what might be essay questions? Does anybody got Dewitts
exam tomorrow morning at eight? I guess he's got an exam.
I don't know if it's poly sci or -- I don't know where the
heck he is. Probably sitting on Elvis Presley's toilet
somewhere, but he's promised to call me from wherever he is
because, I don't function in the morning. I'm awake. I'm
up early but I don't have any idea what I'm doing except
playing on the internet or answering E-mails and putting in
grades. And that's nice and procedural and so I'll not
remember that I am supposed to be here. So I wanted to warn
you. But you're not going -- to okay. Any other questions
Then, let's go to the word list before we start, we will
set at least one major ground rule. If I ask -- if somebody
asks me a question about a word and you ask me right
afterwards what that is, that's fine because you didn't get
it right away and there's no other words in between, but
after I've answered them and five minutes later and I've
done three or four other words and somebody asks the same
thing, forget it. I'm not going to go over it again if you
weren't listening to me the first time. Okay? Is that
understood? Okay. Because that's only fair rather than
constantly repeating myself, you need to pay attention.
Two, you probably have a different word list than I have,
there are two of them out there and it looks like I ran out
of the ones that have the "no screaming" at me but the other
word list has more words on it. I don't know how many of
you have the word list with the ugly drawing on it. How
many have you have this one? You do? Oh, well it's not
important in the sense that there are more words on it, but
I'm going through this word list just in case and some of
the words I will be crossing out which is what I'm going to
be about to do not on your word list so don't raise your
hand and say how can I cross it out it ain't there? I just
told you, okay? However, there may be one or two that I
added that are not on here but they will probably be ones
I've covered and the one I added was executive orders but we
did cover that so it's not getting crossed out so. So
Go down your list. If the word's on the list, cross it
out. If not, don't add it. These words are going to be
crossed out. Ready? Set? There's the gun. Alger,
Horatio. Amuse Me Generation. Aristocracy. Authoritarian.
Baha'i. Brush Fire Wars. George Bush. Calvinism. John
Calvin. Catch 22. Cold War. Communism. None of you have
De Facto De Jure on your list, right? Detente. Robert Dole.
East West Terms. Elastic clause. Entitlement ethic.
Factionalism. Gerrymandering. Gingrich, Newt. Glosnost.
Grass Roots politics. Human Potential Movement. Imperial
Presidency. International Corporation. Jihad.
Kellog-Brand packet. Lame Duck. Leisure Ethic.
Libertarian. Machiavellian. MADS. Me Generation.
Merit System. Muckraking. Multinational Corporations
Myth of Sisyphus. Nation-State. Necessary and Proper
clause. North-South Term. Nuts. Perestroika. Plural
Executive. Predestination. Protestant reformation.
Protestant Work Ethic. Realpolitik. Rose Garden
Strategy. Sovereignty. Third World Nations.
Totalitarianism. Tribalism. World Federalism. Yippies.
Okay. That eliminates about fifty words or 45 or
something in that number which is what I said I would do.
Many of you already crossed out some because you knew they
came from chapter seven and eight from my book. Some came
from other areas, but unless they're in the world list in
the book they're crossed out. If they should appear in the
word list which I don't know in the book they might be
accidentally added back in but I doubt it. But just in case,
remember, eighty percent will be coming from the word list.
About forty percent from the book. All right.
It's now up to you to ask me to re define for you any of
the words on the list that you are not sure of.
Q The Bull Moose party -- was the political party created
by Teddy Roosevelt in 1912. So that he could run for
Q Anti masons -- a political party in the middle of the
19th century that believed the masons were anti Christ,
drinking blood of Christian children. They wanted to get rid
of all the masons in government and in the country. They
were -- they had a political party dedicated to getting rid
of masons. They were often seen like communists today are
seen anti masons were political parties in the 19th
century. What wanted to get rid of masons because they
thought they were evil.
Q What are masons?
A Masons are at this juncture we call them a fraternal
organization. They have secret hand shakes and rituals and
they're all men. Basically today what they do is that they
serve as service organizations. They help people. They
collect money for charity. Years ago they also had large
political debates and disputes as well as raising funds.
Sort of like asking me, "What's Amway." Which do have all
these meetings and discussions. Anything dealing with
pyramids got to be. Mason have their own retirement home in
Union city. We mentioned that.
Q Article III of the Constitution -- deals with the
judicial system. That is the article that covers in details
for at least has material explaining the judicial system.
Q Ad hoc committee -- an ad hoc --
(teacher) Is that you? Boy you can't even tell where it's
directly coming from.
(Pager went off)
The ad hoc committee is a committee that is established
for a specific period of time for a specific purpose in
contrast to a standing committee; it's permanent. An ad hoc
committee is a temporary committee established for a
specific purpose and specific period of time. Next?
Q Cozy Triangle -- interest groups, executive agencies are
in bed together and instead of screwing each other, they're
screwing us. They're screwing us. Interest groups,
executive agencies and Congress are in bed together screwing
Q Executive agreement -- is an agreement between the
president of the United States and the head of another
nation that generally has the power of a treaty. The
agreement between the president of the united states and the
person of another nation that has the power of a treaty
Q Altruism -- is an English word meaning being unselfish.
Q Grand jury -- an investigative body that can indict. An
investigative body that can indict people. Grand jury.
Q Double dipping -- is going to Baskin Robbins -- double
dipping is taking a job in government after retiring from
another government job where you get a pension. So you're
actually going twice, getting two salaries from the
government in a sense. One is the pension and one is the
salary. Usually retirement from the military after twenty
years, but it can be any government job.
Q Franking privilege -- refers to free mailing for
legislatures. Named after the first post master general Ben
Q Fourth amendment -- Constitution pertaining to searches
and seizures without warrants. You are protected from
searches and seizures. There has to be a search warrant
issued. That was the fourth amendment? Um hum. Explain
that again. You got it. I need it again. Do it again?
Yeah. All right. Fourth amendment is says that you cannot
be searched your property can be not be seized unless there
is a legally drawn up warrant. A court warrant.
Q Cloture -- it is closing debate. Ending debate.
Q Parkinson's Law -- work expands to fill time.
Q Miranda Rights -- "you have a right to remain silent,
not to testify against yourself, right to an attorney. If
you can't afford one, one will be provided for you."
Q Know nothing parties -- was a political party formed in
the middle of the 19th century -- I'm sorry. It was the
American party called Know Nothings because they never seem
to know anything about the political system except that they
were unhappy with it. They wanted to return to the past,
but they weren't sure what they wanted in the past either.
So every time they were asked something it's like we don't
Q Single issue politics -- politics where groups have only
a very narrow agenda. They are only interested in their own
cause, could care less and would not compromise on any issue
but their narrow issue. Such as, stop those Indians from
whaling. And it's a hard one. Whales where no longer an
Q Pendleton Civil Service Act -- created the civil service
system which is the government bureaucracy. Created the
system where you take a test to get a government job.
Q Third house -- is a term referring to the lobbyist.
Q 1883 -- was the year the Pendleton civil service act was
Q Spin doctor -- are the hired PR people for political
parties or candidates whose job it is to twist the news in
their favor. They twist the news in the favor of the
candidate for the political party that they are working
for. Spin it means to twist it, to turn it around. They
doctor the news.
Q Sunset law -- laws that have a built in ending date. A
built in termination day. When the law is created it has a
date it goes out of existence.
Q Andy Rooney -- was the individual for those of you who
were nice enough to watch the video.
Q Spoil system -- a term referring to basically to the
victor goes the spoils, meaning that when one politician
coming into office, he fires everybody that the other
politician had working there and puts his own people in the
job. Spills of the office. Get rid of everything else and
put your own people there to pay them off.
Q Kitchen cabinet -- where you put your dishes.
Personal friends of Andrew Jackson who met in the
kitchen and provided him their advice since he would not
meet with his cabinet. Since he got pissed off at his
cabinet, he met with his personal friends in the white house
kitchen and that is the kitchen cabinet.
Q Kirshnerisms -- that's why you pointed at me? That's
okay. -- next? There are none?
Q What do you mean? There are none?
A I got in trouble last semester. I'm not answering that
question ever again. Do you remember? no, what happened?
Tell me. Tell you? That was one of the days that I was
sick. Yeah, right. You had a lot of sick days last
semester. Somebody asked me Kirshnerisms and I said, "Well,
it refers to my inability to run for political office
because I've never had an affair. However, I was thinking
about running for political office now, so if any of your
mothers were interested." You don't remember that? You'd
remember that. It's funny, though. Well it appears on all
the exams. Probably people went home -- I got all these
calls from mothers saying they were too young. I should
have said grandmothers. Next?
Q 435 -- the number of members of the House of
A Separate but equal doctrine -- in 1896, Supreme Court
ruled that segregation was legal. As long as you had equal
facilities that you could have segregation in the United
States as long as you had equal facilities.
Q Democratic republicans -- was the political party
organized by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Madison
and Jefferson created a political party that was the
democratic republicans, however, they were better known as
the anti federalists. Perhaps more important some people
think that they are the democratic republicans was the
beginning of the present democratic party.
Q Fourth estate -- the fourth estate refers to the news
Q Fourth branch -- of government refers to the executive
agencies, the bureaucracy.
Q Plea bargaining -- pleading guilty to a lesser offense
to obtain a lesser penalty. It's not always that, but
that's good definition. Sometimes you give evidence and
give information and get a lesser penalty but -- same
Q Peter principles -- people are promoted to their level
of inefficiency in bureaucracies. Level of in
Q Realignment -- realignment election is when those groups
that traditionally vote for one or two political parties
switch fairly permanently to the other political party.
Those groups that traditionally voted for one or two
political parties switched fairly permanently to the other
Q Whips -- are the assistant party leaders in Congress.
Q War powers act of 1973 -- simple definition. Was an
attempt by Congress to reassert it's ability to declare war.
it was an attempt by Congress at the end of the Vietnam war
to reassert it's ability -- it's constitutional requirement
to declare war. Since those wars were not declared by
Q Bipartisan -- refers to both parties.
Q Congressman -- usually refers to a member of the house
of representatives. Unless they're a woman then they're a
congresswoman. What was it again? Congressman. The
definition. Refers to the person the person who is a
representative -- a member of the house of reps. It
shouldn't be but it does.
Either put your clothes on or take them off. Don't
leave them in the middle. Couldn't take that hat off. I
was going to tease her about that, but -- sat there for two
minutes talking with her shirt up in the air.
Q District courts are the trial courts at the federal
level -- trial courts at the federal level.
Q Ombudsman -- a Scandinavian term referring to a peoples
advocate. Term. Support the people. We often think of the
president of the United States as America's ombudsman.
Q Parliamentarian -- okay. Is the individual who advises
the presiding officer of a meeting on the proper running of
the meeting. It is the individual who advises the presiding
officer as for the rules for running meetings.
A Exclusionary rule -- states that evidence gathered
illegally must be excluded. From a trial.
Q Miranda versus Arizona? Oh, Marbury -- yeah. Miranda
versus air Arizona -- is the court case that brought into
being the Miranda rights. The court case in 1966 in which
Miranda's case was sent back to a new trial because he had
not been told of his right to have an attorney.
Yeah, we used to use ignorance of the law is know
excuse. Since you weren't born, you're getting that crap
from your father or mother. Yeah I haven't heard that in a
Q Executive privilege -- is when the president refuses to
share information with the other branches of government.
When the president refuses to share information with the
other branches of government.
Q Filibuster -- is unlimited debate in the Senate. Trying
to talk a bill to death. Trying to talk a bill to death.
That movie Mr. Smith goes to Washington, you know, I cannot
remember maybe it was so long ago seeing that film. I
should obviously. It is the classic. I got to watch it.
Jimmy Stewart and got all kinds of -- I don't know why I
can't -- it's probably just because I can't remember
Q So filibuster would be when they don't want to talk
about another bill. They want to get that bill defeated.
So they talk on that bill the whole time so that nothing
else can get done. It's not that they don't want to talk
about another bill, they want to you can about another one.
Q Is that when reading the phone book and --
Q Pork barrel legislation -- specifically designed for a
legislatures district. It is going to bring fat back home
to a legislatures district.
Q Public opinion -- are those views that are directed to
influence politics. Public opinion are those views directed
to influence politics.
Q Lobbyists are individuals hired by interest groups to
look out for their interest in the legislative capitals.
They're individuals hired by interest groups to look out for
interest groups in legislative capitals.
Q Discretionary power of judges -- means that judges have
the ability to determine what the law says and what the
penalty will be. The law is written loosely. They can
determine a lot of what the law says and what the penalty
Q Critical thinking -- something that people don't do in
this -- I said two definitions in the book were good. One
was thinking about what you're thinking why you're
thinking. And the other one was reading between the lines.
Q Interest groups? What does that mean? What kind of
interest groups? Any kind of interest groups? What do you
A You wanted a definition of interest group?
A Interest groups are groups that promote their views on
specific subjects. Like the NRA. Whose views are promoted
to the extent that the republicans shoot theirselves in the
foot every time they support them lately.
Q Primary group -- is your immediate family who influences
your political value dramatically. Your immediate family
who is the major influence on your values system. Influence
on your value system.
(interpreter) She wants to know incumbent -- is the person
who holds the political office. The person in the political
office is the incumbent. The one presently holding the
office is the incumbent.
Q Indictment -- bringing down charges against somebody.
Legal charges against someone. Saying that there's enough
evidence for them to go to trial and an indictment generally
brings down charges saying there's enough evidence to go to
Q Judicial activism -- is the belief that judges should
read into the spirit of the Constitution when declaring
constitutionality of law. When judges interpret the
constitutionality of the law judicial activism says it's
okay to look at the spirit of the Constitution to determine
whether the law is constitutional or not.
Anybody seen Star Wars yet? You did? Both of you,
huh. And? It's all right. It's okay. Yeah. Sounds like
you were disappointed. I stayed up pretty late to watch it.
So you're tired. Did you go to the midnight show? How long
a film was it. Two hours. And ten minutes. Was it was
hard getting tickets? No. Where'd you go? Union city?
Fremont. They are showing it in Fremont? Union City's got
thirteen screens, though. Thirteen of Star Wars? Holy
crap. They're like 22 minutes apart. Definitely going to
break the record with that kind of show. The best places is
in the theater at some point because you can't really
appreciate it fully even with your DVD surround sound.
They're expecting go it to blow Jurassik Park out of the
park. About forty million dollars, going to break the
record by forty million. Any other words?
Q Marbury versus Madison -- was the Supreme Court decision
in 1803 that for the first time declared a law
unconstitutional. For the first time -- set the precedent
for the Supreme Court declaring on the constitutionality of
A Which law does it say that -- well I didn't answer that
but I can -- never, you know, it's not too vital, but the
law happened to be apparently it was a 1789 law. In the --
any good is that did not get his commission had a right to
appeal to the Supreme court for a writ of mandas, it means
that the court the Supreme Court can order that be issued.
Um, what the Supreme Court ruled was that while the law was
valid and he should have been giving his commission, the law
was illegal because the Constitution says that the Supreme
Court shall be an appellate court not original jurisdiction
it means you go correctly to them. So the law should have
started them at the lower courts. Got the details all of
which I say you can see what I -- it doesn't matter. Just
to show you that I'm smart. Okay, yeah. I got it now.
More like a smart ass.
Q Log rolling -- I think the easy definition was you
scratch my back, I'll scratch yourself. You vote for my
bill, I'll vote for you. You show me mine, I'll show you
yours. But you ain't got one -- Okay.
Q Robbert Rules of Order Revised -- is the Bible of
Q Standing committee -- standing committee are those
committees that can't sit. No. I know better. Good.
They're permanent committees. They go from one session to
another session to another. They last all the time.
Weren't the interfaces due Tuesday? Eight is due
today? I had seven on Tuesday and eight today? No? Seven
was last week? Seven and eight today? And eight was
today? Your class I didn't put them together? I hope I'm
not marking people late. If they're early, not a problem.
I was more concerned about my marking them late. As long as
I got it in my head then I'll hopefully I will have a sheet
to hand out on the exam date to check.
Q Third parties -- are political parties in the United
States that seldom if ever win an election.
Q Sound bites -- are short simple statements that are made
by politicians that may or may not have meaning. But they
attract attention like "No New Taxes." "A bridge to the
21st century." "Kiss my Murphy Brown." Better than the
Quale in 99 button. Actually he was more articulate they
must have really prepared that speech well. I still love
Quale button. Got a couple more minutes.
Q Categorical groups -- are loose association groups that
can might influence your political behavior. Loose
association groups like community college students that
might influence your political behavior.
Q Contracting -- is letting out of hiring out of
government research. To private industry.
Q Term limits -- refers to placing a limit on the number
of times somebody can run for re election. Placing a limit
on the number of times a person can run for re election.
I'm sure there's some you haven't asked.
Q Watergate -- um, in our usage all the abuse of the power
of the Nixon administration. It really was pertaining to
the Watergate complex but it's become a generic term for
lots of different abuses of power that occurred during
Nixson's administration during president.
About a minute and a half. Any final requests?
Tombstone pizza? Blind fold? Cigarette?
Q Did I do executive order? No. it is an order I guess
issued by the president to the agency to the people that
work under him that has the effect of law. It is -- there's
a better word than order -- it is a request, more than
request, it's a demand but good I guess it's an order given
by the president to the agencies that has the impact of
law. Okay. Then good luck in your studying on all your
exams. Hopefully you'll pass some of them.