Warning sign: your class is the last one taking the

exam on Thursday. Since your class is the last one taking

the exam on Thursday, if you are taking it Thursday because

I gave you three other times to take it, my advice is to get

here early to get a seat because if I know students

correctly giving them four times, the vast majority will

take it the last time possible which will be this one and I

suspect this classroom will be packed. Okay? But if you

take it at a different time you should have, um, no

problem. Okay? So that was just the suggestion.

Before we go over the word list which is of course what

you all want me to do, please keep in mind that the words

are only fifty percent of the exam. Memorizing the words

can get you fifty points but without understanding them and

how to apply them in an essay question you're screwed

anyway. Okay? We had that happen in one class exactly one

student actually got well 48 points on the identification,

and got a fat zero on the mid term essay. So I don't always

give points on the essay. I try to hopefully put something

in but in this case way off base. So please I can't you

know emphasize more the concept of knowing the material not

just memorizing it blindly that's why I hate the word list

but still I want to give you as best a chance as possible

and for many of you it's something to hold onto even if

there are a hundred and fifty words. Gives you a little

security well at least you know you can memorize but try and

understand them while you're memorizing and that is my

daddly advice. I like to make up words.

Once again, the exam will have two parts: part one and

part two. This time the questions will be different. They

will be different in each class hopefully. I don't know

which class will be more difficult. Student's will let me

know. It's always the other class that was easier it seems

to be and I showed them copies of other exams oh, that was

an easy one and I get that from the class -- I try to

balance them out and in that sense. Okay?

Um, the identification once again ten out of twenty.

Words terms names dates. From the word list from the text

book and may be words that I may have used in class that you

forgot I used which were used over and over again. The

essays, I will give you a choice of one out of two. You

will take the one that you like the least -- no. You will

take the one that you feel you have to take because you

can't answer the other one, but one will be directed towards

the text book one towards the lectures, but you can use text

and lecture and either one usually that's not the issue.

I emphasize the executive judicial and legislative

branches half of the term and therefore you will find

probably some question somehow pertaining to the executive

judicial and legislative branches. What it is I haven't got

the slightest idea. Please remember that the -- that

on-line there are -- there is an example final exam that you

can check out. I don't have no idea which one I put up

there and but I'm sure -- oh, why don't we read one of the

questions from the executive judicial legislative branches.

Q You said describe how public opinion and media the two

party system and the judiciary all limit the power of the

presidency. (Karen, I didn't get the entire question)

Describe how you think a person with charisma can be

perceived by his colleagues as president as a Congress

person as an associate justice. Explain your answer showing

the knowledge of the -- U.S. federal government. Notice I

threw in the charisma and leadership and so you got a -- you

have to analyze it. In other words, it's not a

regurgitating question like how does is a bill become a

law. Okay? You can do that in high school or in elementary

school, but in college we expect that you synthesize it by

using that material and that's what makes people hate me and

my exams, but that's why we create certain standards and all

of you are passing or if you're not, you should have dropped

and -- hopefully you'll pass with better grades than you

anticipated by doing better on the final. Any other

procedural questions?

Q Will you post our grades on through web site?

A Yes. Grades will be -- people have been going up

there. Grades that are up there are from last semester. I

only post the final grades up there as soon as I get them

done. Your class I won't post them until all of the grades

are in. Basically because people don't all take the exam at

the same time. Which means that Thursday your class is

taking the exam so none of the grades will be posted until

probably Saturday. They will also be posted on the bulletin

boards outside the classroom sometimes by probably June

first when they have to be turned in, but they'll be up in

the internet and they'll be found because you'll find a

little green man that says grades that's sticking his tongue

out at you. So that will be useful. At least you don't get

what my on-line students get when they click on the grades

because I put theirs up almost every week and it says "bend

over and assume the position." So I'm bad. I know. Q

Can I have the web site again?

A No. It's right on your green sheet. So there's no

sense of my trying to give it to you again. It's written

all over the place. Maybe on the calendar, I wasn't being

nasty to you. I am nasty at times, but I'll let you know

when I intend to be nasty. The lectures are up there within

limitations. We're still missing about six or -- that

Tricia turned over and I asked CJ to check them out. The

words will be up there within -- I should hopefully get this

one up and this is the one with the words. If I get it

tomorrow through Saturday hopefully. As soon as I get them

now that they've been able to put it on the E-mail I can get

it up within about thirty seconds or so. Without any

problem. Really works nice.

Q It's really funny to read them because I remember the

lectures how you -- I checked one out. It's really funny

when you read it. It doesn't seem to make much sense, but

it's different from the lectures.

A Yeah I know. It's what I -- I suggested not reading

them. I will edit them into more formal lectures hopefully

this summer. But it's pretty funny. I would think so

especially taking things out of the context it's like

anything else. Remember what I said earlier right in the

first chapter of my book, in the Nixon Kenney debates?

Those that listened to Kennedy on the radio felt that Nixon

won. Those that watched on TV felt that Kennedy won. So

the large extent of lecture is what I'm expressing and how

I'm expressing in the classroom which can't come through

which in the judicial system explains exactly why they do

not deal on appeals with evidence that's presented in the

courtroom. Because the jury sees the person presenting it

and gets an impression. But when you read it, it is totally

different and so that's why they will not touch on how the

evidence was presented because the jury seeing the evidence

-- and having served on a jury I was amazed at how some

people looked at the witnesses and how -- definitely

influenced their attitude towards the outcome of this simple

case which was simply -- so. I haven't read through them.

Except for, you know, sort of minor editing in the sense

because sometimes they come in with page gaps and I pull

them together, but I do intend to -- and get rid of all my

ums, okay. Any other procedural questions? All right.

Then let's go onto -- you can control your fingers for

the time being, or I'll give you a finger -- so.

Where are we at? Well before going to the word list I

intend to deal with concepts, ideas that might be used for

an essay question. Now you may have no questions or gaps

in your notes or things you want me to fill in, but

understanding as I indicated is fifty percent of the course

and therefore I think before going with that strict

memorization approach, let's respond to any questions that

you think could appear in an essay that you're missing

material in your notes or you're not sure. You want

clarified okay? So let's start with that. Are there any

questions that need clarification not words?

Q The democracy chart. What about it? Would there be a

question on the democracy chart?

A Any material unless we gone through it again or -- I

mean something could be used, it doesn't mean somehow you

find a use for it on the essay, but there won't be any

direct questions relating to the material that was for the

last exam. Certainly any of that material is usable in an

essay question. So it's easy to come up with questions

pertaining to words but the real meat as I keep implying of

the exam is thoughts, concepts, ideas.

Q How far do we need to get into knowing the two party


A I, you know, I don't know if that question that she read

had some element to the two party system. But certainly,

um, I will at times ask you to relate the two party system

to the power of the executive judicial legislative branch.

Now do you need to know the breakdown of the structure of

the parties such as the national party? The national party

chairman, the local and state parties? No. I don't think

that. And I know the text book does do that but that is

beyond -- I emphasize the roll of political party power and

how they're not relevant as they once were and some of that

is in the text book as well.

Any other general questions or specific ones relating to

what might be essay questions? Does anybody got Dewitts

exam tomorrow morning at eight? I guess he's got an exam.

I don't know if it's poly sci or -- I don't know where the

heck he is. Probably sitting on Elvis Presley's toilet

somewhere, but he's promised to call me from wherever he is

because, I don't function in the morning. I'm awake. I'm

up early but I don't have any idea what I'm doing except

playing on the internet or answering E-mails and putting in

grades. And that's nice and procedural and so I'll not

remember that I am supposed to be here. So I wanted to warn

you. But you're not going -- to okay. Any other questions

on essays?

Then, let's go to the word list before we start, we will

set at least one major ground rule. If I ask -- if somebody

asks me a question about a word and you ask me right

afterwards what that is, that's fine because you didn't get

it right away and there's no other words in between, but

after I've answered them and five minutes later and I've

done three or four other words and somebody asks the same

thing, forget it. I'm not going to go over it again if you

weren't listening to me the first time. Okay? Is that

understood? Okay. Because that's only fair rather than

constantly repeating myself, you need to pay attention.

Two, you probably have a different word list than I have,

there are two of them out there and it looks like I ran out

of the ones that have the "no screaming" at me but the other

word list has more words on it. I don't know how many of

you have the word list with the ugly drawing on it. How

many have you have this one? You do? Oh, well it's not

important in the sense that there are more words on it, but

I'm going through this word list just in case and some of

the words I will be crossing out which is what I'm going to

be about to do not on your word list so don't raise your

hand and say how can I cross it out it ain't there? I just

told you, okay? However, there may be one or two that I

added that are not on here but they will probably be ones

I've covered and the one I added was executive orders but we

did cover that so it's not getting crossed out so. So


Go down your list. If the word's on the list, cross it

out. If not, don't add it. These words are going to be

crossed out. Ready? Set? There's the gun. Alger,

Horatio. Amuse Me Generation. Aristocracy. Authoritarian.

Baha'i. Brush Fire Wars. George Bush. Calvinism. John

Calvin. Catch 22. Cold War. Communism. None of you have

De Facto De Jure on your list, right? Detente. Robert Dole.

East West Terms. Elastic clause. Entitlement ethic.

Factionalism. Gerrymandering. Gingrich, Newt. Glosnost.

Grass Roots politics. Human Potential Movement. Imperial

Presidency. International Corporation. Jihad.

Kellog-Brand packet. Lame Duck. Leisure Ethic.

Libertarian. Machiavellian. MADS. Me Generation.

Merit System. Muckraking. Multinational Corporations

Myth of Sisyphus. Nation-State. Necessary and Proper

clause. North-South Term. Nuts. Perestroika. Plural

Executive. Predestination. Protestant reformation.

Protestant Work Ethic. Realpolitik. Rose Garden

Strategy. Sovereignty. Third World Nations.

Totalitarianism. Tribalism. World Federalism. Yippies.


Okay. That eliminates about fifty words or 45 or

something in that number which is what I said I would do.

Many of you already crossed out some because you knew they

came from chapter seven and eight from my book. Some came

from other areas, but unless they're in the world list in

the book they're crossed out. If they should appear in the

word list which I don't know in the book they might be

accidentally added back in but I doubt it. But just in case,

remember, eighty percent will be coming from the word list.

About forty percent from the book. All right.

It's now up to you to ask me to re define for you any of

the words on the list that you are not sure of.

Q The Bull Moose party -- was the political party created

by Teddy Roosevelt in 1912. So that he could run for


Q Anti masons -- a political party in the middle of the

19th century that believed the masons were anti Christ,

drinking blood of Christian children. They wanted to get rid

of all the masons in government and in the country. They

were -- they had a political party dedicated to getting rid

of masons. They were often seen like communists today are

seen anti masons were political parties in the 19th

century. What wanted to get rid of masons because they

thought they were evil.

Q What are masons?

A Masons are at this juncture we call them a fraternal

organization. They have secret hand shakes and rituals and

they're all men. Basically today what they do is that they

serve as service organizations. They help people. They

collect money for charity. Years ago they also had large

political debates and disputes as well as raising funds.

Sort of like asking me, "What's Amway." Which do have all

these meetings and discussions. Anything dealing with

pyramids got to be. Mason have their own retirement home in

Union city. We mentioned that.

Q Article III of the Constitution -- deals with the

judicial system. That is the article that covers in details

for at least has material explaining the judicial system.

Q Ad hoc committee -- an ad hoc --

(interpreter) Sorry?

(teacher) Is that you? Boy you can't even tell where it's

directly coming from.

(Pager went off)

The ad hoc committee is a committee that is established

for a specific period of time for a specific purpose in

contrast to a standing committee; it's permanent. An ad hoc

committee is a temporary committee established for a

specific purpose and specific period of time. Next?

Q Cozy Triangle -- interest groups, executive agencies are

in bed together and instead of screwing each other, they're

screwing us. They're screwing us. Interest groups,

executive agencies and Congress are in bed together screwing

us. Next?

Q Executive agreement -- is an agreement between the

president of the United States and the head of another

nation that generally has the power of a treaty. The

agreement between the president of the united states and the

person of another nation that has the power of a treaty

within limitations.

Q Altruism -- is an English word meaning being unselfish.


Q Grand jury -- an investigative body that can indict. An

investigative body that can indict people. Grand jury.

Q Double dipping -- is going to Baskin Robbins -- double

dipping is taking a job in government after retiring from

another government job where you get a pension. So you're

actually going twice, getting two salaries from the

government in a sense. One is the pension and one is the

salary. Usually retirement from the military after twenty

years, but it can be any government job.

Q Franking privilege -- refers to free mailing for

legislatures. Named after the first post master general Ben


Q Fourth amendment -- Constitution pertaining to searches

and seizures without warrants. You are protected from

searches and seizures. There has to be a search warrant

issued. That was the fourth amendment? Um hum. Explain

that again. You got it. I need it again. Do it again?

Yeah. All right. Fourth amendment is says that you cannot

be searched your property can be not be seized unless there

is a legally drawn up warrant. A court warrant.

Q Cloture -- it is closing debate. Ending debate.

Terminating debate.

Q Parkinson's Law -- work expands to fill time.

Q Miranda Rights -- "you have a right to remain silent,

not to testify against yourself, right to an attorney. If

you can't afford one, one will be provided for you."

Q Know nothing parties -- was a political party formed in

the middle of the 19th century -- I'm sorry. It was the

American party called Know Nothings because they never seem

to know anything about the political system except that they

were unhappy with it. They wanted to return to the past,

but they weren't sure what they wanted in the past either.

So every time they were asked something it's like we don't


Q Single issue politics -- politics where groups have only

a very narrow agenda. They are only interested in their own

cause, could care less and would not compromise on any issue

but their narrow issue. Such as, stop those Indians from

whaling. And it's a hard one. Whales where no longer an

endangered species.

Q Pendleton Civil Service Act -- created the civil service

system which is the government bureaucracy. Created the

system where you take a test to get a government job.

Q Third house -- is a term referring to the lobbyist.

Q 1883 -- was the year the Pendleton civil service act was


Q Spin doctor -- are the hired PR people for political

parties or candidates whose job it is to twist the news in

their favor. They twist the news in the favor of the

candidate for the political party that they are working

for. Spin it means to twist it, to turn it around. They

doctor the news.

Q Sunset law -- laws that have a built in ending date. A

built in termination day. When the law is created it has a

date it goes out of existence.

Q Andy Rooney -- was the individual for those of you who

were nice enough to watch the video.

Q Spoil system -- a term referring to basically to the

victor goes the spoils, meaning that when one politician

coming into office, he fires everybody that the other

politician had working there and puts his own people in the

job. Spills of the office. Get rid of everything else and

put your own people there to pay them off.

Q Kitchen cabinet -- where you put your dishes.

Personal friends of Andrew Jackson who met in the

kitchen and provided him their advice since he would not

meet with his cabinet. Since he got pissed off at his

cabinet, he met with his personal friends in the white house

kitchen and that is the kitchen cabinet.

Q Kirshnerisms -- that's why you pointed at me? That's

okay. -- next? There are none?

Q What do you mean? There are none?

A I got in trouble last semester. I'm not answering that

question ever again. Do you remember? no, what happened?

Tell me. Tell you? That was one of the days that I was

sick. Yeah, right. You had a lot of sick days last

semester. Somebody asked me Kirshnerisms and I said, "Well,

it refers to my inability to run for political office

because I've never had an affair. However, I was thinking

about running for political office now, so if any of your

mothers were interested." You don't remember that? You'd

remember that. It's funny, though. Well it appears on all

the exams. Probably people went home -- I got all these

calls from mothers saying they were too young. I should

have said grandmothers. Next?

Q 435 -- the number of members of the House of


A Separate but equal doctrine -- in 1896, Supreme Court

ruled that segregation was legal. As long as you had equal

facilities that you could have segregation in the United

States as long as you had equal facilities.

Q Democratic republicans -- was the political party

organized by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Madison

and Jefferson created a political party that was the

democratic republicans, however, they were better known as

the anti federalists. Perhaps more important some people

think that they are the democratic republicans was the

beginning of the present democratic party.

Q Fourth estate -- the fourth estate refers to the news


Q Fourth branch -- of government refers to the executive

agencies, the bureaucracy.

Q Plea bargaining -- pleading guilty to a lesser offense

to obtain a lesser penalty. It's not always that, but

that's good definition. Sometimes you give evidence and

give information and get a lesser penalty but -- same


Q Peter principles -- people are promoted to their level

of inefficiency in bureaucracies. Level of in


Q Realignment -- realignment election is when those groups

that traditionally vote for one or two political parties

switch fairly permanently to the other political party.

Those groups that traditionally voted for one or two

political parties switched fairly permanently to the other

political party.

Q Whips -- are the assistant party leaders in Congress.

Q War powers act of 1973 -- simple definition. Was an

attempt by Congress to reassert it's ability to declare war.

it was an attempt by Congress at the end of the Vietnam war

to reassert it's ability -- it's constitutional requirement

to declare war. Since those wars were not declared by


Q Bipartisan -- refers to both parties.

Q Congressman -- usually refers to a member of the house

of representatives. Unless they're a woman then they're a

congresswoman. What was it again? Congressman. The

definition. Refers to the person the person who is a

representative -- a member of the house of reps. It

shouldn't be but it does.

Either put your clothes on or take them off. Don't

leave them in the middle. Couldn't take that hat off. I

was going to tease her about that, but -- sat there for two

minutes talking with her shirt up in the air.

Q District courts are the trial courts at the federal

level -- trial courts at the federal level.

Q Ombudsman -- a Scandinavian term referring to a peoples

advocate. Term. Support the people. We often think of the

president of the United States as America's ombudsman.

Q Parliamentarian -- okay. Is the individual who advises

the presiding officer of a meeting on the proper running of

the meeting. It is the individual who advises the presiding

officer as for the rules for running meetings.

A Exclusionary rule -- states that evidence gathered

illegally must be excluded. From a trial.

Q Miranda versus Arizona? Oh, Marbury -- yeah. Miranda

versus air Arizona -- is the court case that brought into

being the Miranda rights. The court case in 1966 in which

Miranda's case was sent back to a new trial because he had

not been told of his right to have an attorney.

Yeah, we used to use ignorance of the law is know

excuse. Since you weren't born, you're getting that crap

from your father or mother. Yeah I haven't heard that in a

long time.

Q Executive privilege -- is when the president refuses to

share information with the other branches of government.

When the president refuses to share information with the

other branches of government.

Q Filibuster -- is unlimited debate in the Senate. Trying

to talk a bill to death. Trying to talk a bill to death.

That movie Mr. Smith goes to Washington, you know, I cannot

remember maybe it was so long ago seeing that film. I

should obviously. It is the classic. I got to watch it.

Jimmy Stewart and got all kinds of -- I don't know why I

can't -- it's probably just because I can't remember


Q So filibuster would be when they don't want to talk

about another bill. They want to get that bill defeated.

So they talk on that bill the whole time so that nothing

else can get done. It's not that they don't want to talk

about another bill, they want to you can about another one.

Q Is that when reading the phone book and --

Q Pork barrel legislation -- specifically designed for a

legislatures district. It is going to bring fat back home

to a legislatures district.

Q Public opinion -- are those views that are directed to

influence politics. Public opinion are those views directed

to influence politics.

Q Lobbyists are individuals hired by interest groups to

look out for their interest in the legislative capitals.

They're individuals hired by interest groups to look out for

interest groups in legislative capitals.

Q Discretionary power of judges -- means that judges have

the ability to determine what the law says and what the

penalty will be. The law is written loosely. They can

determine a lot of what the law says and what the penalty

will be.

Q Critical thinking -- something that people don't do in

this -- I said two definitions in the book were good. One

was thinking about what you're thinking why you're

thinking. And the other one was reading between the lines.

Q Interest groups? What does that mean? What kind of

interest groups? Any kind of interest groups? What do you


A You wanted a definition of interest group?

Q Yeah.

A Interest groups are groups that promote their views on

specific subjects. Like the NRA. Whose views are promoted

to the extent that the republicans shoot theirselves in the

foot every time they support them lately.

Q Primary group -- is your immediate family who influences

your political value dramatically. Your immediate family

who is the major influence on your values system. Influence

on your value system.

(interpreter) She wants to know incumbent -- is the person

who holds the political office. The person in the political

office is the incumbent. The one presently holding the

office is the incumbent.

Q Indictment -- bringing down charges against somebody.

Legal charges against someone. Saying that there's enough

evidence for them to go to trial and an indictment generally

brings down charges saying there's enough evidence to go to


Q Judicial activism -- is the belief that judges should

read into the spirit of the Constitution when declaring

constitutionality of law. When judges interpret the

constitutionality of the law judicial activism says it's

okay to look at the spirit of the Constitution to determine

whether the law is constitutional or not.

Anybody seen Star Wars yet? You did? Both of you,

huh. And? It's all right. It's okay. Yeah. Sounds like

you were disappointed. I stayed up pretty late to watch it.

So you're tired. Did you go to the midnight show? How long

a film was it. Two hours. And ten minutes. Was it was

hard getting tickets? No. Where'd you go? Union city?

Fremont. They are showing it in Fremont? Union City's got

thirteen screens, though. Thirteen of Star Wars? Holy

crap. They're like 22 minutes apart. Definitely going to

break the record with that kind of show. The best places is

in the theater at some point because you can't really

appreciate it fully even with your DVD surround sound.

They're expecting go it to blow Jurassik Park out of the

park. About forty million dollars, going to break the

record by forty million. Any other words?

Q Marbury versus Madison -- was the Supreme Court decision

in 1803 that for the first time declared a law

unconstitutional. For the first time -- set the precedent

for the Supreme Court declaring on the constitutionality of


A Which law does it say that -- well I didn't answer that

but I can -- never, you know, it's not too vital, but the

law happened to be apparently it was a 1789 law. In the --

any good is that did not get his commission had a right to

appeal to the Supreme court for a writ of mandas, it means

that the court the Supreme Court can order that be issued.

Um, what the Supreme Court ruled was that while the law was

valid and he should have been giving his commission, the law

was illegal because the Constitution says that the Supreme

Court shall be an appellate court not original jurisdiction

it means you go correctly to them. So the law should have

started them at the lower courts. Got the details all of

which I say you can see what I -- it doesn't matter. Just

to show you that I'm smart. Okay, yeah. I got it now.

More like a smart ass.

Q Log rolling -- I think the easy definition was you

scratch my back, I'll scratch yourself. You vote for my

bill, I'll vote for you. You show me mine, I'll show you

yours. But you ain't got one -- Okay.

Q Robbert Rules of Order Revised -- is the Bible of

parliamentary procedure.

Q Standing committee -- standing committee are those

committees that can't sit. No. I know better. Good.

They're permanent committees. They go from one session to

another session to another. They last all the time.

Permanent standing.

Weren't the interfaces due Tuesday? Eight is due

today? I had seven on Tuesday and eight today? No? Seven

was last week? Seven and eight today? And eight was

today? Your class I didn't put them together? I hope I'm

not marking people late. If they're early, not a problem.

I was more concerned about my marking them late. As long as

I got it in my head then I'll hopefully I will have a sheet

to hand out on the exam date to check.

Q Third parties -- are political parties in the United

States that seldom if ever win an election.

Q Sound bites -- are short simple statements that are made

by politicians that may or may not have meaning. But they

attract attention like "No New Taxes." "A bridge to the

21st century." "Kiss my Murphy Brown." Better than the

Quale in 99 button. Actually he was more articulate they

must have really prepared that speech well. I still love

Quale button. Got a couple more minutes.

Q Categorical groups -- are loose association groups that

can might influence your political behavior. Loose

association groups like community college students that

might influence your political behavior.

Q Contracting -- is letting out of hiring out of

government research. To private industry.

Q Term limits -- refers to placing a limit on the number

of times somebody can run for re election. Placing a limit

on the number of times a person can run for re election.

I'm sure there's some you haven't asked.

Q Watergate -- um, in our usage all the abuse of the power

of the Nixon administration. It really was pertaining to

the Watergate complex but it's become a generic term for

lots of different abuses of power that occurred during

Nixson's administration during president.

About a minute and a half. Any final requests?

Tombstone pizza? Blind fold? Cigarette?

Q Did I do executive order? No. it is an order I guess

issued by the president to the agency to the people that

work under him that has the effect of law. It is -- there's

a better word than order -- it is a request, more than

request, it's a demand but good I guess it's an order given

by the president to the agencies that has the impact of

law. Okay. Then good luck in your studying on all your

exams. Hopefully you'll pass some of them.