April six. Political science class.
I don't have the exams. I beg your forgiveness. I'd
like to get them back right away. However, a more important
thing came up this weekend; income tax. Maybe not more
important to you, but it had to get done or I was going to
get my ass kicked out of the house. My wife kept hassling
me as to how much we would wind up owing. In any case, I
will try to get them back ASAP.
We will start material from today that will begin the
process for the next exam. Okay. Interfaces number four
are due today. Which we will go over in a little while.
Maybe that's why people didn't show. On Thursday, if you
will remember to bring with you the questionnaire that is
the green packet. If anybody needs another green packet I
have extra ones in my office, so you can take care of that.
Procedurally. I do have a new word list for you at this
particular juncture to provide you with. Well that helps.
any other the questions on things that are due?
Assignments? All right. Hopefully. Everything is
understood what's due and when it will be due. Everything's
pushed back a bit.
I have not looked at your exams. I did the Monday
exams. And I don't know, I hope your question was better in
the essay in the sense of your response to it. Translation,
what's my first rule of writing essay questions? Read the
question. Ninety percent answered a different question.
Ninety percent. Now, that meant that the numbers in class
despite their knowledge were really badly -- because they
didn't answer the question. The question I thought was
fairly easy, and asked specifically about it was a quote
from the textbook. Pretty much that democracy has to
protect from abuse of power and so what safeguards are
available in a democracy to prevent the abuse of power? Now
it sounds easy. I thought in the sense, but of course the
mistake that ninety percent made was what? Why they didn't
answer my question. Anybody? They didn't define democracy?
Well, no, that was part of it. That would be a mistake in
reading the question. That would be a mistake in
answering. -- you know what was really funny? The first
thing I have to do is define democracy in that question, and
they never did. Where am I here? So I'm sure that's
nerves. But, you know, we can forget those things. I'm
talking about answering a question I didn't ask. The
question was what are the safeguards for a democracy
basically to avoid abuse of power? See. The answer of the
mistake in a sense answering the wrong question. They were
dealt with safeguards in the United States. Specifically.
They never touched on the question is democracy it doesn't
ask about our Bill of Rights. It doesn't ask about our
Congress, and it doesn't ask about the legislative,
executive, judicial branch; why? Because those are specific
to the United States. Does it mean you would have used the
United States as an example? Yeah, if you stated so later
on in developing it, but that would have entailed the use of
the chart. Obviously conditions of a Democratic government
in the involvement.
I do this to you because maybe your question didn't have
a, you know, mistake like that. I don't know yet. I hope
not, but please, please think about those things for the
final. Which will be your final chance to get a grade.
Because it is very important to answer a question that I can
grade. I can't grade a question on safeguards in the United
States since that was not my question. Okay? Do you
understand that? I hope. Now again it's not a criticism in
What was your questions? The one about the farmers or
how civil rights and civil liberties both tied to
democracy. Both in with democracy. Like you said, that you
believe in democracy and civil rights have a lot to do with
that. Why would civil rights have to do with that?
Basically how would they be -- that one pretty much was
similar to the one in the textbook that says how does civil
liberties go to the heart of the democratic process? Again,
going to civil liberties and civil rights, if you dealt with
the United States as the basis of the question instead of
using it as an example, which is two different things.
Taking the question as the United States rather than simply
taking, I don't remember the exact words offhand, but if it
was general then the question has to be generic with the
example of the United States. It's a question specifically
applying to the United States, then, you know, you deal with
the U.S. In a more specific way. Okay?
So I mean, you can get a feel. What was the other
question in this class? I tried to do with one on civil
liberties/civil rights. What's the other one? It was
something in the textbook. You took a quote from the
textbook dealing with the nationalization with the Bill of
Rights, i.e., incorporation.
I think it was why democracy have to be so slow or why
they operate so slowly. Okay. And again United States
could have been an example here. Because I try, as you know,
to make up absolutely different questions for each class
within the same context. So each class might wind up with
an easier question and it's always hard for me to judge.
Dealing with the safeguards of democracy sounds simple to
me, yet it turned out to be extremely difficult for students
to answer. So bear with me. I try to be fair. I hope I am
in the questions. It's just, you know, in that you can't
always judge and that's why I tried to emphasize the need
for specifically asking me clarifications if you're not sure
what the question asks. I don't want to trick you. It is
not my intent to trick you. That's not what I try to do.
All though I think sometimes people believe I'm attempting
to do that. No, I'm not.
The review material certainly worked very, very well for
the short answers in that class. They did very well there
and so the grades weren't extremely low despite the essays
because it became obvious in that class. They did study the
words and that of course is fifty percent of the list and
therefore even getting a poor grade on the essay means that
they didn't necessarily wind up with zeros or five or ten
points, which I've had in the past. So that's a good sign
and I know that a number of students took advantage of the
fact that we got the review up on the internet right away so
that this class's review helped the classes generally. I
think because they could go over the words more
specifically. That did get up there. I hope none of you
had trouble getting up, but I'm sure a few people do on the
Anything else? The next exam will have the same
format. Part one and part two. Short identification, and
choice of one out of two essays. One trying to get sort of
a quote from the text, one or more for the lectures.
They're fifty points a piece. The questions will be
different of course. And therefore, at least the intent is
to have you be used to the kind of exam that I give you.
Okay? So if the format through you off for the first exam,
at least you'll be more familiar with the second exam,
okay? Any questions about the final at this point?
Now I did say that it is not cumulative. It will start
with today's material, but that does not mean that some of
the material that was previous to today couldn't be usable.
I want essay question. And when I distribute this word list
which I will do in a minute, you will know that at least a
few words will repeat themselves on the list for the final
but not a lot. Any other questions about the exam? Final
exam is? You will -- yeah, go ahead.
Q Do you have a tentative date?
A It's on the sheet. I believe anybody got their, not the
green sheet the blue sheet.
Q May 27th, that's a Thursday?
A Um hum. That's graduation day. You don't graduate if
you don't take me exam. No. However, I give -- I have four
different classes in political science. All of which will
have a final exam. I don't have any objection to anybody
who wants to take it earlier at one of the other times.
Once again, the questions will be different, but none of
them will be attempting to be more difficult. So that if
for some reason you want to take it Monday night, you could
take it Monday night. I will give you the full schedule of
those exams when I work it out later on. Okay?
All right. The exam will be -- what's the 10:30 to
12:30 on May 27th? But there will be other times. There
will be three other times you can take it. Oh, I think that
The word list has been done at the request of students.
I would not have given it out originally if students hadn't
bugged me about it, so you -- you can blame them, but not
me. I mean my attitude is I'd rather do it so that you
panic by listening and getting it on your own. However,
this time what happens is, you know, the word list becomes
an emphasis and people start looking up the words ahead of
time. Which in this case is somewhat ridiculous. I'll
explain why and then they start giving me dictionary
definitions. But the other request I got from students I
guess since you're a semester which was what? Two years
ago? Is um, that they needed space to write them in. I
know some of you don't use the word list and it wasn't my
intent to have you write the answers in the list, but to
look them up and put you in a notebook, but once again if I
think the students have a legitimate request when they were
what I would choose to throw out then I don't listen. So,
yes, this does have more space. It also takes of course
more paper, and now that there's more money in the community
college system I don't feel as what? Guilty about wasting
quote unquote paper. No, it's true. I really cut down a
lot of the paper awhile back because I was trying to save
money for the school. Not the hell that they would
appreciate it. Important at all. The point was that I felt
that I could do it.
Now obviously, the no screaming issue was your feeling
when you saw the list because it's quite obvious that it is
more extensive to say the least from the previous word
list. There are probably about seventy extra words
comparatively in number to this list. However, although it
won't ease your souls. I might not -- that not all of these
words will be required like on the last list because I do
cut about fifty words from the list. The last study day
when I found out or find out that I haven't covered them in
all my classes so there will be about fifty words cut out of
this list and as I recall we cut only one. And that they
were all covered. Now the reason that they're not covered
all of these, is because we do with institutions and at
times I approach it differently. Depending on the semester,
depending on what's in the news. When I say the institution
of government, specifically I really am referring to the
three branch: The executive, judicial, and legislative.
Translation; the material is more structured maybe in
what's being presented to you, or more boring maybe I
suppose depends on how you look at it, or detailed more
specific. There's also another problem however that I need
to warn you about. And that is that a lot of these words
don't appear in my textbook or the other book. Not a lot,
but a number of them where last time I think you could
almost find most of them somewhere in my text. So it
becomes more important for you to listen carefully in class
to when I started repeating words and going over them
again. Perhaps more important to come to class all you
people who aren't here to pick up on words that are not in
the book for the purpose of at least that fifty points on
the exam. Again, it's partial. Which means that there will
be words in the chapters that are not on the list that
you're required and there may be some words they'll place on
the exam like I do on one of the exams I don't know if it
was yours or if it wasn't yours. I had Kossovo on the exam.
Um, because you know we've talked about it. So something
that might be appearing in the classroom in the news that
we've discussed for a number of times in class you are
certainly responsible for. So keep that in mind as well.
Okay? Any questions about the word list?
There were a couple of words that I got out of the
answers from the classes I graded not too many this time.
I'm always happy when I get worth -- I don't have any words
to put up on the internet for my fun site where I laugh at
people because of their answers. Although it's a little
disappointing because I like adding to it. I do have this
time it was interesting because on one exam I had 1787, one
of the words. What -- did I put a date on yours? No? You
didn't get a date? Did you get 666? Yeah. I usually try
to put one number on one of the exams. And on the other
exam I had 1791. And I got answers in both exams that it
was when our declaration of independence was on one it
specifically said on 1787 on July fourth of this day we
declared or independence from Britain. Now, I could
understand that if it were a foreign student who may have
just arrived in the United States, but it is shocking to me
when I use that one rule when I said please do not assume --
do not -- remember the -- remember the structure instructor
is stupid? I cannot assume you know this stuff? How do I
know it was it wasn't a foreign student? By the
handwriting, basically. But many of the most of our foreign
students have different handwriting because they write their
own language in a different script and so that script often
carries over to where I can identify even if they're
structure is fairly good that they have come from a foreign
nation. Not in every case. But in many of the cases.
The other one that was fun was the word oligarchy. Now
I don't know if you had oligarchy on your exam? Every now
and then they reappear on the exams. Obviously I was
looking for government by the few, and you may have put down
by the few and that generally is the wealthy, the
well-born. Something of that nature. However, in this case
the person put down oligarchy is rule by a woman; a queen.
But in reality the men have the final say. Well that's any
government. I just want to be clear. Actually I should
make you know in the New Yorker takes quotes out of the
paper and make comments out of -- maybe I should at some
time making comments on that page just for the hell of it.
So, I know why that person screwed up on that question
because if you remember on an earlier interface, I had
placed that question where you had to identify the
government and it was a woman ruling where the men have the
final say and we did say that it would have been an
oligarchy. As well as a monarchy. A woman inherited her
rule -- and so the person used that as the definition. So
at least they did their interfaces. Which I hope you did.
If you didn't do your interface for today, please
remember that they are due in my box by 9:30 tomorrow or in
my E-mail mailbox with the date and time that indicates that
it was sent before midnight. Or if you are on AOL, before
three a.M. Because AOL uses east coast time. And so I have
to subtract three hours. They cause all kinds of
You know, we all have several chapters in my textbook
that way final more enjoyable. By the way, you know as I
said, I did the textbook for the pictures. I got my check
last night. As I was up here in the evening, I guess it
came in the afternoon mail for my years' worth of sales.
So, I got my royalties for my year last night. It came to
$1,397. So I want you to thank you all for having
participated in giving me a little extra money yesterday.
There is a photo in there only one photo that I didn't take
and that's of Sister Boom Boom. And of course every time
they have the Easter parade in San Francisco with the
Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence and it causes quite a stir
as you -- if you follow the news like I've asked to you to
do, the fact is that I -- I think of that photograph it's
such a good photograph of the picture of Ronald Reagan that
I am, you know, I really begged the guy to give it to, you
know, let me use it. He finally, you know, he really didn't
have any conflict with it. We actually had a bet. He was
an interesting kind of a student, mother I knew well, and a
sister. And he was one of those students who was brilliant
but never completed a course. And he took the self pace
western civ course from me and I bet him that he wouldn't
complete it and the bet was I didn't I get to use this photo
free. He didn't complete it. Some people aren't completers.
Some are not. For whatever reason all those he's finally
graduate college after twenty years. He's going into
teaching which is scary when people who have that kind of an
a person enter teaching, but at least he's bright, you
know. It's more frightening to me somebody who finishes
school in four years has a C average and decide to be a
teacher because then the knowledge that they present in the
classroom is at a C level and so students get an A for
knowing C work because that's all they can present. I'm
definitely an elitist when it comes to teaching good care
how good a teacher they are has a need for subject matter
and so, okay. My sermon for today.
The Catholic church is quite upset with that march, the
demonstration on Sunday because of making fun of the nuns
and of course pope and everything else and tens of thousands
of people who were there. The media of course loves that
kind of conflict. It plays with it all the time. Of course
when we talk about the media, what does that word mean?
What do we mean by media?
Q TV, magazine?
A How would you define it? I don't know if I do in my
book or not, but it's anything that decimates information
about usually politics or the news. So anything that will
decimate, give you information. I should add that's
inanimate. Because a person really isn't media, although I
know some inanimate people. One of the questions that used
to be on in other interface in this section in this chapter
that I took out only because I had to take out some
interfaces when I added my new chapter was what in your
house is media, that is to say decimates political
information? So in your house what gives you political
information? Newspaper. Yeah, if you have newspapers. TV
is one. Certainly, watching the news, well what about
regular TV shows? Forgetting the news do they give you
political information? Many of them do. Well not just the
jokes, but even the sit coms often deal with or developed
around the news stories that have occurred. Shows like Hill
Street Blues. And even shows that are as strange as Star
Trek go back and bring the news that are going on from
certain periods of time as they go back from history and so
there is a currency to many of the programs who also deal
with hot political issue from time to time.
For example, many organizations especially nonprofit
ones have lobbyists not just in Sacramento or Washington.
Q What's a lobbyist?
A Somebody who's paid to influence government.
Q Yeah somebody who's paid to influence or oversee
government and it's in a sense influence it. By the way,
lobbyists make very good money. Generally, the beginning
salary for most lobbyists in small organizations is a
hundred thousand a year; major organizations lobbyist make
over a million a year in salary. Okay. That's not their
expense account. Their expense account are far more than
Q They're paid to influence government?
A Yes. By whom? Their group. Well this people? Well
not usually individuals. It's seldom that individuals have a
lobbyist. Usually their business or organization. In other
words, Bill Gates doesn't higher usually a personal
lobbyist. He might have hired a press secretary. That is a
little different. But Micro Soft hires lobbyists especially
now with the suit. The government is pursuing based on
arguing that they have been a monopoly controlling and
influencing trying to force their browser with the internet
explorer on everything to destroy any other browser, such as
Net Scape. Lobbyists have interesting personalities
generally. They're usually not very dynamic lecturers,
speakers. They're not the charismatic kind of person that
you think of who stands in front of an audience or walks in
front of a room. They are usually low keyed because they
tend to be ones who work one of one. They are able to
influence people to get into an office. Sit down, and talk
with the person. I'm the kind of person that needs a large
audience. I do well in a big crowd. The more, the better.
It's like, you know, I do my stand-up routine, and I enjoy
it. I am very, very bad when it comes to one of one
relations. I don't do well sitting, talking to somebody
individually to persuade them. I don't enjoy it as much. I
couldn't be a lobbyist. So personalities make a fact.
Where do lobbyists get their positions? What kind of
back grounds do they have? I mean that was a little off the
subject, but it goes ahead to a different subject, but as
long as I was start on it. Where do lobbyists --?
A Probably they have a law background.
A good percentage of them have law backgrounds or
political backgrounds, yeah. Um, many of them actually are
trained in law, because why would lobbyists be trained in
law? Politics deals with law. Well it's more than that.
Lobbyist are often involved in creating the legislation.
They actually write it and give it. Legislation for their
company. They actually introduce it at times. To a
legislature to introduce. So a law background is useful
besides the knowledge of having political background.
Lobbyist are also often involved politically because
they have connections. But there's another whole range of
lobbyist. Retired civil servants in military. Because a
number of companies realize that people from the military
have men and people know them and they know who to contact.
So often people leave government. There are new regulations
that have been instituted in the last few years. For
example, nobody who worked for the president can open a
lobbyist people or lobby government until two years after
they've left their White House job. And there have been
some charges filed -- who left because of that. From the
Reagan administration to the Clinton administration because
they did not adhere to the two years. They tried to work
around it. One of biggest lobbying firms in the world is
run by Henry Kissinger who was our former Secretary of State
because of his contacts internationally. Interestingly.
I don't know why my mind flips as you know from space to
space but you've heard that the two individuals who were
being accused of having blown up the -- the flight 103 was
it Pan Am 103? Have been turned over to Holland to the
Dutch where they will be tried with Scottish judges.
Because it occurred over Scotland. Did you read who was
responsible for finally convincing after ten years? Kadofy
to turn them over. These people get involved even afterwards
but in this case it wasn't a hired situation. It was more
of a friendship. It was Mandella. From south Africa.
Because of the support that Kadofy gave to his liberation
movement while he was in prison, Mandella, never never
follow the west demand for him to condemn Kadofy and was
able to go in and function internationally as a diplomat
finally working out the -- to trust the west. Kadofy
refused to trust the west trials of course the real issues
were these two individuals agents of the Libyan government
when they blew up the plane. Of course ten years ago Libya
was our enemy, nobody even knows about Libya, Kadofy,
anymore because we have new enemies today.
So, lobbying of course becomes an important factor, um,
in certainly the creation of legislation and more so even in
TV and radio programs. It's hard to believe. I'm not talking
about paid advertising. Most of us know and I'm sure it was
where she would hold up a case during the TV you know, most
of the products if not all of them that are shown in the
movies when you see the names they're paid for. They pay
for those ads. To help fund the film. So if you see a
package of Wheaties sitting there, that Wheaties is sitting
there because they pay. Of course the biggest mistake ever
made was M & M. What am I talking about? E.T. For those
that may not be aware of it, M & Ms were used to fund the
dropping of M & Ms as a trail most of you have seen E.T. at
some point. Even now. Who has not seen E.T.? You've all
seen it? Serious? Well there's a scene in there where to
find his way, he drops the M & Ms. Well they weren't
M & Ms, and they were expecting M & M to pay for it. So
Rieces Pieces picked up the bit and Rieces Pieces went sky
high and even outsold M & Ms because of that film. The
scary part maybe scary, is that now with digitalization,
however you say it, apparently as these films are being
reproduced for DVD or reproduced for reshowing in the
theaters, they have an ability to change the ad. And they
are now going out and talking to M & Ms to repickup if
Rieces Pieces doesn't meet their price. So that it may in
the future be M & Ms. Reality and what it used to be. The
past isn't what it used to be. It's hard today.
The digitalization has become so it's hard to know
reality. I'm dealing with the subject. I'm jumping. Did
Fred Astaire really dance with a vacuum cleaner? Looks so
real, doesn't it? I mean, or was Forrest Gump real? I mean
there are many people today who believe that there really
was a Forrest Gump. Well he looks real. They cut him in
and it's beautiful shaking hands with the president. The
biggest stink recently about being cut into the film was by
Clinton in Contact. Because they put him right into the
film and used these news casts to make the film more what?
Believable? He was really upset because of all the -- of
the president's now with digitalization he has been cut into
numerous films and since he is copyright free because he is
a public figure, there's very little they can do in the
White House about it unless of course they should defame him
in some fashion, I suppose.
Again, the changes in technology are changing what
reality is because sometimes it's difficult to know and what
I was alluded to what the TV to let you know that I am still
on the subject of TVs in the house and the media, is that we
now have a word for programs that provide us information
through entertainment. It's called infotainment. Is it in
my book? Which sometimes creates our reality. The movie
JFK introduced people who never existed. They made people up
in the story, but these people became real. They become real
as the story becomes real because that's the way many young
people learn about history. Who is the real Amy Fisher?
Will the real Amy Fisher please stand up? She shot
somebody's wife. Yeah, she's Mary Joe Budafuco. Did you
hear? Yeah, that's why -- she is getting out of prison
after seven years. She's now 24. She was having an affair
with this guy at 16 and she wanted to free him so he could
marry her, and so she shot his wife at the head. But she
survived. And she went to prison. The wife wrote a letter
to the D.A.'s office saying that, you know, she was a little
cracked and broke under the pressure and she didn't blame
her anymore and she forgave her and asked the D.A. to
release her. And so they're moving to let her out of
prison for this attempted murder.
But at the point that the story broke, all three
television networks did Amy Fisher movies. And they did the
Nancy Carrigan/Tanya Harding reunion. They get like a
hundred grand each. Amy Fisher -- and that's what they
think. Because the Budafuco's are having money problems
that's what it said on the TV the other night. They were
going to have them meet like Tanya Harding and Nancy
Carrigan. They should have Springer oversee it. There's a
new form of prostitution, folks; the media. Why? Because a
hundred thousand is nothing. I mean, God, the biggest
prostitute's name is Monica Lewinsky. Well she's getting a
lot of the money. There's not one prostitute, even Heidy
Fleiss, who's pleased a lot of people. The fact is that if
your name appears in the media under those circumstances for
strange reasons, those stories sell because -- not because
the media just wants the publicity, but the media makes its
money through the advertiser. And so the infotainment
becomes important because people will watch it. What are we
talking about? Anywhere at the lowest range from three
hundred thousand dollars to the highest range of one million
point six for the super bowl for any thirty second spot.
One point six million dollars for a thirty second spot.
That's a lot of money. Didn't they say that the brand of
lipstick Monica Lewinsky wore sold out all over the nation?
People couldn't get it because people loved her lip stick.
well it's good enough for the president. President staff
approved. Well, she didn't wear it at that point. I don't
think. Yeah, it was funny. One of my students said that
Tipper Gore, Al Gore's wife, looked like a blond Monica
Lewinsky. And I looked at her I saw what she was talking
about. So you -- I don't know. All right. I guess you
have to have a certain look to look at politics.
Did you see at the academy awards winner for best actor
invited Monica Lewinsky to join him in England? In England
he was going to take her out. We were in -- I don't know if
I told you this story. We were in Tahoe and we took a trip
to Virginia City on the bus. We were looking for something
to do, and the bus says first time we took a bus trip the
bus stopped off at this house of prostitution ranch whatever
it was called. It wasn't the Mustang Ranch. It's the one
where John Wayne Bobbit works. And they got this whole big
sign. He's the entertainment there. He is the bartender at
this particular ranch. Of course, isn't he the one who all
of a sudden found Christ? No, he wants her back. After she
beat up her mother? He wants to take another stab at it.
Jerry Springer -- she wants. She cut him off well. Bad
lines. I mean you almost say to yourself is it worth
Many people believe the old work ethic which I deal with
in my 8th chapter that hard work -- God rewards you. And
that people who were good are the ones who get the money and
many people in America feel that way. We go to Las Vegas or
Reno and we lose money and we think that God hates us. We
think that we're evil, but when we win, God was on my side.
I feel fulfilled and now of course you know the whole issue
of morality and makes the money is very much depended upon
the media. I mean it's always been to some extent that way
on a minor level, but the stakes are so high especially
during sweeps week. That these perhaps are produced
specifically to grab attention so that they can get their
station to get the better advertising. And that includes
the news broadcast. We've seen the stories to the fact that
news broadcasters are more entertainment and they really are
reporters and those kinds of changes really taken place.
Certainly they argue continuously that they present us the
material that because we're willing to watch it. So we run
to the scene of an accident to view it and they present it
because of that basis. The question is responsibility. Is
that really what they should be doing in leadership? Should
she be playing with our weaknesses? With our inability to
maintain our quote unquote base or instincts and of course
the other question that I touch on in my book is that when
the media plays with our base instincts, does it reduce our
resistance so that our instincts become more base?
Translation, desensitized. But more so, not just
desensitized and I touch on desensatization, I talk about
resistance. All of us who were healthy, knock wood, I'm
healthy, have resistance. It's hard sometimes. I got on my
E-mail yesterday. This, you know, real nice ad for this
pornographic site. Now I'm perverted enough that I want to
go up there, but I dumped it. You know, get rid of this and
I made sure to get it in my trash, fast so my resistance
would be dune. However, what happens when we make these
things more acceptable by showing them? Translation, when
we see violence does it bring down your resistance?
Probably not. We all have strange emotion, kill your
brother, murder your sister, marry your mother, you know,
screw the priest, whatever it is. These things at times go
through our heads. However, the hell this person pushes
them aside and blocks them. And gets upset sometimes and
guilty that they even think with it. The Jefferey Daumer's
and others become unhealthy. This because they can't
What happens when we see the adds on TV emphasizing
satomasakism or emphasizing violence against women in some
fashion? Does that therefore breakdown our resistance and
make us tend to believe that these things are acceptable?
When pornography shows rape, women being raped as something
they enjoy, does that open the door to the rapist? Does it
make somebody a rapist? No, not you or I into a rapist, but
that ten percent or fifteen percent who were borderline.
What happens to their resistance in society? And therefore
doesn't become the responsibility of the media to try and
cut these things. We hear about it all time but where do
you draw the line?
For example, obviously not everybody watching Taxi was
going to turn into an attempted assassination to please Jodi
Foster as happened. But do you show as occurred awhile back
a TV show where you know a woman gets raped, a girl gets
raped in the shower with a broom stick, and it's all
identified and then the next day some kids try it? Some 12
year olds do it to another 12 year old girl? Why? Well
okay. Maybe, but do you show it at seven o'clock in the
evening when kids are up? Do you have -- do you at least
put parental warning? Is there anything wrong with V chips
so that in some extent there can be certain resistance and
those are the kinds of questions that need to be posed when
it comes to this whole issue of the media.
Most people in their chapters dealing with the media
tend to raise questions that I don't think are as dangerous
to society. Some people do. Does the media control our
political philosophy? Does the government control the
media? Do we control the media? Does the media control
government? Is it the wealthy who were really controlling
what we're thinking through the media? Okay. Those are
questions that definitely the whole sense of controlling
media and that it means and those issues the number of
newspaper the editorials, the liberalism, or the
conservatism, those are debates that appear in political
science text, but from my perspective there's a far more
important issue of our a bitty to critically think of
What could I mean by critical thinking? I define it in
my book. Two ways that I thought were easy. Somebody want
to give me one of the definitions for critical thinking?
No? you should have read the book and certainly doing the
interfaces at least I'm hoping that you did this. How do I
define critical thinking? They're pretty easy. Thinking
about what you think while you're thinking. Good. Thank
you, Karen. Thinking about what you're thinking while
you're thinking. Does anybody remember the other one?
Which probably applies more to the media. Reading between
the lines. And that is the major emphasis of my chapter.
but let's return a little back to where we started those
things in the household that provides you information about
politics. We mention television. We mention newspaper. We
mention the radio. What else? Movies, video games.
Videos. Most people have VCRs or DVDs. How many of you
have DVD players? Two. Three. Yeah, I didn't figure it was
a lot. Four. Yeah the DVD I suspect is especially good for
deaf students in the sense that they have good -- yeah good
caption. How about family friends? Well, I said that those
are animate only. I'm talking about inanimate. What else
is in the household that provides you in your house that
provides you with information? Computer. How? The web
pages that they have. The web pages certainly. E-mails.
Jokes. Yeah a lot of political jokes. Half the jokes I get
are political in one. In fact, more than half. I don't
read most of the them. I get this load of stuff from people
at times that seems to be the biggest thing of E-mail are
the stupid jokes that have been going around for sixty
years. They just keep repeating themselves. I get it from
12 I get the same joke from 12 people. I'm not one for
canned memorized jokes. I like the humor that is
spontaneous. He always gets upset with me because I never
laugh at the jokes he tells me. I laugh at him. He's funny
though. Individually he's very funny that's the point when
he make his comments spontaneously, they are hysterical but
I don't find stuff where somebody repeats some story joke
that everybody else has told is very funny. They're just
not. It's not like the same thing where you're being -- and
using your own sense of humor. I'd rather he used his own
sense of humor because it's much greater. It's not hard when
it comes to him. He's great. Mr. Santa Clause. Yes I've
had an office next to him since I got her. Does he scream
the same words in his office as he does in his class? No.
He does that for impact obviously. In fact he probably
curses less than I do, candidly, out of the class.
What else? E-mail, chat rooms, but you know also with
the computer CD roms. Time magazine -- there's a lot of
things on CD rom today and some of them are sent to you
providing you with information more so politicians give you
their E-mail addresses to contact them. Politicians appear
in chat room situations. Often many politics are brought
onto AOL or other kind of servers where they allow people to
raise questions and ask questions during that time. Probably
most politicians today including locally have web sites
where they will respond to you. Well not necessarily in
that sense but before you where you can get information even
if it's succinct not thorough about their points of view
their position where they stand what issues they're pushing
or what bills they've introduced.
All right. Information is so readily available. You
know, and sometimes I hate going on-line and doing it if you
you've got a computer that's on-line all the time, but I was
easy all over my house in calendars or the date for Easter
next year. And I could not find it. I couldn't find my
world almanac. I'm looking all over the place. My
calendars just didn't have it. Even my calendar on my
computer. So I went up on-line. I went to search and I put
in Easter dates and it was there instantaneously. Late April
23rd the year two thousand. I needed it because when I was
going to run my tournament again for the chess. So the
internet does provide instantaneous information and myself
is political science professor if I need to know certain
things like who is the present whip of the Republicans in
the senate that stuff was very hard to get hold of I'd write
to my senator years ago and you know I'd wait for an answer
or I'd by a book that would take a couple of books to come
that I carry with me now you go up to the web site and it's
there. I just go up to the congressional web site all of
the listing of all of the individuals that are now there.
It is constantly updated. I find it's pretty nice. I went
to Pete Stark's web site last night to look up some of his
views on certain issues and you can instantly access. They
have summaries of all his views on it and that's the kind of
stuff that is there. You can actually tell what your
politicians will do within limitations. But yes, you can
get a feel for what they're doing whether you agree with it
or not and of course it is summarized, but of course it is
there and that's important. And cheap. A lot cheaper than
the mailings that they used to do. To try and influence us
with that information. They still use -- well that's right
before an election. You'd have to wait often before the
election to -- yes they do use their privileges and what is
Franking, (word list) that's the right to free mail?
Franking privilege gives politicians the right to send
these out free through the U.S. mail. if it is pertinent
that's not the word I'm looking for -- if it pertains to
their role in office. It's usually campaign purposes. Well
they often do it for campaign purposes. In fact, he was
sued, Pete Stark, because when his activity was switched he
started sending out the material to what was then Don
Edwards because he knew that was the district that was
voting for him and he was fined for that because it wasn't
his district and he was using his Franking privilege for
somebody else's district because that will be his district.
So, yes. It is often done for that reason. Franking comes
from the first post master general of the colonies Benjamin
Franklin. His name carries on with the franking. His shape
carries on with another invention; the pot belly stove. I'm
just kidding, but he was responsible for the development of
the pot belly stove. And the other invention that he is
well known for besides lightening hitting the key of the
kite -- libraries and hospitals too, but no. One that's
even more important at least from my perspective; bifocals.
He was the first one to put together glasses that you could
see both distance and close.
What else? Well you just gave my one that nobody
mentioned. The mail. U.S. Mail provides us with
information in the household. What else can provide us with
political information? Telephone. The telephone. Yeah.
There's no doubt that people call up to provide you with
information, sometimes in the form of a questionnaire. A
survey, but, yes, not many times most of us don't get those
calls, but I have received them and anybody else ever
receive a political call or asking them to vote for
somebody? It happens, granted not as often as some of the
So there are lots of numerous things around the home
that in a sense help us to identify what we mean by the term
media and it's influence on us. But I'd like to go back to
that theme of my chapter; critical thinking. I mention two
things -- desensitization was sort of the implied. I didn't
define it. The breaking down of resistance. If that's a
real word. Is it on the word list? Desensitization? No.
Breaking down resistance. Another term that I think is
important dealing with my chapter is the issue of moral
indignation. And a couple of other things that tie to
this whole issue from my perspective are the question of
creative and nation without critical thinking because of
what happens through desensatization. Where to start?
Let's start with moral indignation. We live in a world
today of advertising. Advertising attempts to prevent us
from critical thinking because they want to sell us on base
emotions, wants us to buy products and of course that is
carried over to the political atmosphere because most
politicians today hire advertising agencies, the higher they
go in politics the more likely they are to hire actually an
advertising agency who engages both in -- not just PR men.
Not just individuals whose job it is to support. Not just
spin doctors. I use the term spin doctors, but actual
advertising and the agencies often use psychological testing
and control testing to sell their product. And politicians
today are doing tests in ads. And certainly they know the
kind of tests being used.
Perhaps the most popular ad that's often shown is an
emotional impact. That impact was one that helped Lyndon
Johnson get elected. Against Harry Goldwater in 1964. I
almost said -- in 1984. I got to get my dates right here.
The ad had a little blond girl sitting there picking a
flower and an atomic bomb going off destroying everything.
The reason? Because he was accusing Goldwater of being a
war monger and trying to get us into Vietnam and the
danger. Nothing had to be said -- people new. Or another
brilliant campaign by an agency when George Bush ran against
Michael Dukakis they never mentioned the fear of racism, but
they showed a man name Willie Worton, a black man who had
been released on a furlow program in Massachusetts when
Dukakis was governor, although he didn't do the releasing in
the furlow, the fact is that he then went and killed --
committed murder -- he was allowed out and was going to go
back and so it played on the fears of white Americans which
the republicans were appealing to about black crimes. The
study showed it dramatically. They never said it. They
never played with the -- they never said racism, but the
implications were quite obvious and it -- those become
classics of what an advertising agency can too.
Of couse the danger is both sides can do it. And we
lose the ability to think about what the issue really mean
unless we critically think. We lose the ability we stop
thinking -- what people really -- what positions are there.
what do I mean by moral indignation? We get pissed off at
the wrong thing and we become deceived when words have no
meaning we blame the wrong issues. We lose the meaning for
words. Most recently it pissed me off as a critical thinker
as I constantly hear politicians, the president, imply if
not say, that Milslovic and the Serbians are committing
genocide. Genocide is the intentional elimination of a
whole race of people. They are clearing the Albanians out;
granted some people are being murdered. It is a human
tragedy, but it is not genocide. It is not the intentional
of concentration death camps where every Jew was placed into
gas chambers or lined up and shot and pushed into line
pits. This is a different -- but the word creates emotion
and reduces the meaning of genocide. In a sense, it kills
A Well I was going to say how also how advertising gets
involved in the media because I know the Albanians hired one
of best PR firms to represent their side of the story.
Q Interesting. That's why if you -- the Croatians always
did it with the Serbs are stupid and stubborn. Well you
know who found himself in the same position? Bill Gates.
He had spent very little on advertising, very little on PR
people. He had maybe one lobbyist now he's got two hundred
ever since they filed charges. And he was not giving
campaign contributions. What a change.
So yeah I did not know that because it does not surprise
me. Thank you for that input. Um, again, it does show what
we're talking about. The kind of media implications that
can be done through -- shall we say an advertising certain
politically and then we use the words. I get into that we
call double speak. Or Washington speak or Watergate speak.
How words become meaning -- so we didn't become indignant.
They didn't mean anything to us.
People aren't murdered anymore; they're neutralized.
It's just like we don't lose jobs, we are not fired; we are
not unemployed; we are downsized. You don't even by used
cars anymore; preowned. Our words change. Our impressions
visualization changes. Tucson doesn't have pot holes; it
has pavement deficiencies. We don't have budget deficits;
we have short falls. We didn't destroy documents; we deep
6thd them. We didn't break and enter; we entered
surreptitiously for political expediency. And we didn't
invade the island of Granda where the military force the
Caribbean peace force; it's always now a piece keeping force
had an early morning vertical inversion. Now how can
anybody -- to an early morning vertical inversion.
A I have those every ones in awhile.
Q You're hoping. We're talking about dreams, you know,
right now. In fact, sadly to say the indignation and gets
us into another type of thing. The fact is that because
today things are totally shown, we lose the ability of
creativity and that's where I want to get into next time and
talk about your wet dreams. We'll see -- remind me what I'm
starting with on Thursday.