April fifteen. Political Science Questionnaire

In any case, I do apologize for not being here Tuesday,

however my back went out Monday, but that wasn't the reason.

It wasn't the pain that got me. I started taking medication

and Monday night I became -- while I was lecturing --

absolutely disoriented. I know what it feels like to have

Alheimers. I'm serious. It was scary and I started

lecturing something I had already lectured on which I do

naturally when I repeat myself, but I realized it this time

which was scary. I need to let the medication get out of me

but boy I'll tell you now I know I got a feel for what that

is all about.

In any case were the interphaces due Tuesday? And so a

few of you stuck it in my box, but we'll collect those today

and we are now what I wanted to do was go through the

questionnaire with you. We didn't do that yet, did we? No.

And so that granted sort of a boring day for our

interpreters here. We will go through these answers as I

indicated we already talked about this as a voting test.

From the state of Alabama. The voting is state of Alabama

we don't know how many you could have gotten wrong but I

think as most of you probably realized you might not have

voted in Alabama whether you were white or black and that

was the intent to get the voting down specifically to keep

it down among African Americans. And then in 1965 we

indicated that the voting rights act prohibited all testing

and I told you about the fact that I had to take a test when

I went first to register to vote a reading test and spent

all night staying up studying for the reading test and how

compulsive I was but that's beside the point. In any case I

think that's a good questionnaire. It covers material that

I wouldn't necessarily cover in class directly because it's

specific in short answer but there is material that is

useful and I can use all of this to go further in the

lectures with material that is not necessarily directly on

the questionnaire but related. And since I did indirectly

force you to do it, although there were a few students who

said I'm not going to do this he's not counting it anyway

because they did critical thinking the fact is that most of

you did it, it's only fair that we at least go over the

answers that you can fill in. Will you be able to use it

for an exam? Some of material is usable for some of the

essay questions but it's not going to be that specific by

any means. Any questions about the questionnaire before I

continue? I did talk about who votes and who doesn't vote

last time? I mean last time I was here?

Which of the following is a right guaranteed by the bill

of rights?

A Public education. Is that right?

In the bill of rights?

A Employment, voting, trial by jury. I'm not sure. I was

thinking voting or public education. We have a right for


Q Now there's no right for public education in the federal

constitution at all. Only in the state constitutions which

is more than a right, it's a demand because most states

require you to get an education. It was pretty much is left

to the state. Although there has been talk about a national

program but it is not in the constitution at all. The state

constitution is like California I think required you to be

in school until you're sixteen and then there are other

schools so there isn't a guarantee of public education

federally. So what is it?

Q Trial by jury is guaranteed by the bill of rights. Now

voting is guaranteed in other amendments but not in the bill

of rights certainly in the 14th amendment. But again voting

is guaranteed. But education and employment are not.

Employment is not guaranteed in any the state constitutions

either. There are some countries that guarantee

employment. In fact there are some countries like the

former Soviet Union that if you didn't work you went to

prison. That was the guarantee of employment. It's always

been an interesting issue. Should we guarantee jobs?

Certainly, we did during the depression create publics works


Q The federal census of population has taken each five


A False it is taken every ten years. Okay. Big question.

Why is it taken? Why do we have a census every ten years

and why was --?

A Because isn't it in the house of reps it's based on


Q Exactly. Very good. The house of reps is based on

population and therefore with population changes there are

bound to be changes in representation from various states

and so the first census was actually taken in 1790. For

reapportionment to the states. Now today the federal census

is being used for other reasons. Um, one -- what is one or

two of the reasons that the census is being used for besides


A Check on unemployment rights?

A No isn't that one of the -- good think so. Maybe she

used use it partially. Know because unemployment they got

an indication every few months ago to what the law is. I

can't say for sure, but I don't think so what else would the

federal --.

Q Would it help with state funding?

A Yes.

Q Based on--

A Population and need. How do they judge need. That's a

good question. But one of the things that the funding --

I'm sorry -- that the census does do for quote un quote you

want to call it need or whatever they do categorical funding

after the census.

Now you have the word categorical groups on your word

list, right. Did I explain categorical groups in this

class? Define it? I didn't think so. You see categorical

groups on the word list. That is not funding. I'll give

you both but before starting with categorical groups we need

to go to two words primary groups. So -- what we're dealing

with primary groups is your family your immediate family and

the reason it's on the list is because the sociological term

usually is one that's used to look at how people make up

their opinions why and how they vote, what churches they

join because people pretty much follow their parents in

their value system. Now granted you most of you in your

teenage years are feeling rebellious and so-called post

adolescence you find yourself. It is how smart your parents

were. They've learned a lot. They've grown so you know

I've talked to some people and they are so concerned with

their kids and some of the things that teenagers do but you

know the real you know truth of the matter is your success

is really because then they're going to return to the family

values if you've done a good job or they're going to go bye

bye. So it's scary, but a long way through those teenager

years for many many parents knock wood I haven't had that

problem with any kids so I've been lucky so far. So far.

Secondary groups are groups who voluntarily join their

association groups. They also influence your values.

Perhaps you join them because of your value system because

also they send out a lot of information. What do we say

groups you join that could be your churches your unions.

They could be the national rifle association. Any

organization and they will definitely lobby you to try and

influence your voting patterns and often do. So those are

secondary groups. Categorical groups also influence but

very loosely.

Categorical groups are loose association groups an

example of a loose group might be women. Nobody throwing

anything at me yet? What am I talking about? Basically

women have certain things in common just like perhaps men do

but more issues oriented we point the -- the other day women

tend to vote more Democrat because of their issues. It came

through on my on-line course the other night when we were

dealing with candidates and candidate issues and we had to

search different candidates and the primaries to see their

issues. It was interested to read a lot of the women in

this class in fact all the -- registered or registered

republican. Every one of them was opposed -- I'm sorry was

pro choice. Now the republican party is traditionally been

anti choice, pro life, yet the women who were republican

found that issue in common now not all republican women are

pro choice. Obviously are pro life but the point is that

there are commonalities because of women issues. Men may or

may not have as much interest in it. They may be such as an

issue such as rape. Obviously it's an issue that men are

concerned about. However it's much more direct issue for

women. So based on that, there's a sense of commonality

that makes them a loose association group in voting and in

concerns and in issues. Which explains categorical groups

interesting in voting for democrats more than they will for

republicans. Another group is one you're sitting in now.

You all have different cultural backgrounds yet, if the

division was going to be tripled, you know, that every one

in this particular class would be upset and organize or at

least express opposition to it. So instead of paying $12 a

unit, you pay $36 a unit.

Q Like an out of state student?

A They pay a hundred and twenty a unit. I can't

understand. You come to college we're worth it but they're

paying $200 and $360 to listen to me. Now I may -- but most

of you figure I'm worth the $36 you're paying. All right.

At the most. Some of you don't even think it's worth that,

granted. In any case, the fact is that people in the

community might not be as concerned. It's not of interest

to them if the tuition goes up at Ohlone. They don't have

children here. It doesn't mean as much to them. So

categorical groups do impact your voting, your opinions,

your choices.

Now, that takes us to another word categorical in this

sense funding. Categorical funding is referring to money

being set aside for different groups. Again the group

issues. So that minorities of different or under -- I'm

sorry under represented groups better use than minorities --

they get funding from the federal government. Well the

state gets funding for these groups for programs to benefit

these groups. And one of the big issues about the census is

that many times in these categorical groups the people are

under counted because in many cases because of poverty

because of other reasons they don't necessarily get

counted. How do you get people who were street people and

know how many people are living in the streets? Years ago

New York had a requirement that if a male was living in the

household, a woman could not receive welfare and all of a

sudden in some of the poverty areas of New York and Harlem

and elsewhere they found that only women lived. They didn't

find any men at all. Okay? And so the counts on African

American men in that area or Puerto Rican men in a different

area of Harlem or the Bronx was almost nonexistent which

meant that there was less funding. They changed the

regulations so that they can get the funding, but also many

minority groups under represented groups, um, immigrants

from different cultures don't want to be known to be there.

Now the democratic party wanted to this time put through as

part of an bill a what do you call it when you guesstimate?

There's a word for it. I guess estimate? Approximate?

something of that nature. They all mean the same -- of the

-- based on statistics on these groups so that they would

get a higher count. The republicans opposed it in the

Congress because they felt it wasn't fair by any means and

it was defeated and might be justifiable so. See I told you

was going to do more than just the questionnaire. And then

we only got to question two, huh? Question three.

Q If a person is indicted for a crime, name two rights

which he or she has?

A Right to trial by jury, right?

A You have a right against self-incrimination.

Q To a fair trial and speedy trial. What is speedy? The

federal law says that you must be tried within ninety days.

That's defined as a speedy trial. Yet we know of federal

cases where the trials wait a year, two years. So how is

that the -- how does that occur? Because it means that the

prosecution has to bring you to trial within ninety days.

However, if the defense attorneys request delays based on

needs to obtain evidence then they can delay the trial for

as long as the courts are willing to allow the delay. So it

really isn't the federal government that is preventing the

speedy trial; it's often the defense attorneys.

Q (by student) Isn't it also true that if you're actually

being held in jail that the amount of time that you have is

less than if you're not in jail at the time?

A (by teacher) I think it's like 45 days or something.

Yeah I think you're right. If you're being held again it

may be 45 days, but if you're actually being incarcerated or

held for trial because you can't make bail, it is a less of

a period of time. But once against even under those

circumstances most of the time the public defender or

whoever is involve is the one that's going to delay the

outcome of that trial. In other words, within 45 days or

whatever the time is. Yeah I forgot a about that, but that

is true.

Q A United States senator elected at the general elect

takes office on the following year on what date?

A January fourth.

Q January third unless it falls on a Sunday then it would

the fourth.

Q A president elected to the general election in November

takes office the following year on what date?

A It is now January 20th at noon. It used to be March

fourth. The constitution was amended.

Q Which definition applies to the word a amendment? Now

hopefully you got that right. A proposed change as in a

constitution. A person appointed to the United States

Supreme Court is appointed for a term of?

A Life.

Actually we always say life the Constitution says what?

Anybody looked it up? The constitution says good behavior.

Q What's the difference between life and good behavior?

A You do something against the will of the people or

whatever like if Clinton was a member of the judicial branch

he probably wouldn't be there anymore.

Q That may be true; I don't know. I'm not sure you

answered my question. Basically the difference is that you

can impeach somebody if it's life. If they're there for

life how do you impeach them if they're there for good

behavior you have a reason then because their behavior is

not so good and I think that's what you were implying but it

wasn't directly coming out.

Q When the constitution was approved by the original

colonies, how many states had to ratify it in order for it

to be in effect?

A Nine.

Who would like to tell me why this is a really bad


A Because if they don't ratify it they're not part --?

A Was it against it --.

Q Read it. I'll read it again. When the constitution was

approved by the original colonies, how many states had to

ratify it in order for it to be in effect?

A States not colonies. They weren't colonies. No, they

were not -- states are not colonies. When were they

states? As of what year? 1776. The United States declared

it's independence. What's a colony? It's a colony of

Britain, right? If we broke away from Great Britain, then

we can't be a colony. Of course the constitution was

written when? Testing your knowledge from your mid term

exam? 1787 approved in 1789. So if between 1776 and 1787

we had eleven years of states. So it wasn't the colonies

approving it which means that the people who made up this

test in Alabama should not be voting, right? All right.

Sorry folks but that's called critical reading. That's what

we try to foster.

Q Does an enumeration effect the --?

(by teacher) Well, teach, I can answer it if I new

what the word enumeration meant. What does enumeration

mean? So how many answered it without looking up the word

not knowing what it meant? You guessed right. What does

enumeration mean? To count. To enumerate means to count.

So, is the income tax based on a count? And the answer is

no. The income tax is based on what? Your income. Many

people opposed the income tax say it's illegal because they

are not taxing your income; they are taxing your investments

as well. And your profits. And the word income means

something you've worked for in salary. Your stock market

benefits are not income and should not be taxed so they

refuse to pay their taxes.

Q Persons opposed to swearing in an oath may say instead I

solemnly --

A Affirm. I solemnly. Why do you have an option?

A Freedom of religion under your beliefs and stuff.

Yeah it is freedom of religion under the base because if

you are asked to swear in the God that is offensive to some

religions not -- forgetting atheist. For some, swearing

under God is taking God's name in vane. I just thought of

something. I was called for a deposition many years ago and

the court reporter in the deposition did the swearing in.

And so I was asked, you know, so I said I want to take an

affirmation. So the court reporter says do you affirm under

God. Wise ass, you can't trust these court reporters.

Q To serve as president of the United States the person

must -- at age of?

A 35. They went 25 for the house of reps, thirty for the

senate, and 35 for president.

Q What about vice president?

A Vice president can be of any age I supposed except that

they couldn't take over the presidency so it's unlikely. We

have had many who have run for the president under the age

of 35. One that comes to minds was Cleaver who ran the

Peace and Freedom party back in the '68 election. However,

he was 34 at the time and would not have been able to serve.

He was not going to be elected anyway. Usually the vice

president has to have the same qualifications because

anticipated that they will replace the president if

something should happen to the president. Um, 35 was the

average age. It was life expectancy at the time of the

writing of the constitution. Actually by 1900, only a

hundred years ago, God -- a hundred years ago life

expectancy was between 40 and 45. Today of course as you

know life expectancy is 78 for men and 77 to 78 for women.

73 for men. Life expectancy stood at 67 and 63. So had a

tremendous jump in life expectancy. We've double in a sense

since the turn of the century. Is that why social security

is higher now? Well that's part of the reason was a social

security -- more people living and there are they had to

calculate that in and they didn't so they've raised social

security trying to cover some of the costs. There was fear

that social security some of it has to do with the economy.

But yeah. Life expectancy make a big difference as far as

what they call, begins with an A charts that the insurance

companies use. The reason for life expectancy being so short

was not necessarily people didn't live long. Some did. It

was basically birth deaths and within the first two years of

birth. Most people had ten kids 12 kids and maybe three

four survived after two years. My grandparents came from

families like that. In Europe where they had 12 fourteen

children were born and maybe only six came out of their

families. I think one had only four. So that life

expectancy -- life expectancy in poor areas of our country

is still a problem. But not on that level. For example in

the Fremont area here it's basically three out of the

thousand births, that's not a tremendous number. However if

you get in the poor areas of Oakland and it's sixteen out of

the thousand and that's quite a difference because of the

kind of healthcare that they can afford in an upper middle

class area and obviously the vitamins the care the medical

treatment. I probably would not be here, um, if I were born

probably in 1900 even. I had three operations before I was

two years old. So those make a big difference when you

think about it.

Q What words are required by law to be on all papers

currency of the United States?

Yeah what they're looking for is "In God We Trust."

Which is of course interesting since we talk about

separation of church and state yet it is required to have in

God we trust on our coin and of course in the pledge of

allegiance I may have told you this that when I did the

pledge of allegiance when I was in high school and the

elementary school in under God was not in the pledge did I

mention that in class? Some remember some don't. But in

any case it was added in 1956.

Q (by student) How did it go?

A (by teacher) oh, one nation invisible with -- no, one

nation indivisible. The reason God was added under God was

added? Well again I think the reason is pretty clear in my

mind. It was a period right after the McCarthy period there

was a tremendous fear of communism. It is a Godless atheist

world and to distinguish us from the Godless atheists of

communism we had our children say under God to show that God

was on our side, I guess.

Um, the removal of the prayer from the schools and the

removal of -- was in 1962 and that was under as we indicated

the 14th amendment.

Q The Supreme Court is the chief lawmaking bodies of the

state? That is false. The Supreme Court is what kind of a

body? It's judicial. Right.

14. If a law passed by a state is contrary to the provisions

of the United States constitution, which law prevails?

A The federal law. All right. On your words from the

text book from the last part of the semester, and I don't

know if it was on your exam, by the way did anybody give me

exams to re change the grades on them? Recall right I have

the -- and I almost forgot it. I'm glad I saw those when I

looked over there. I have the interface sheet up until

through obviously four. It should have everything. And it

has your mid term grades on it. Which reminds me for those

of you who know your grades I don't know if I mentioned last

time but also keep them it's always useful when you have to

argue with this because I give you an A and you really

wanted a B. And double check to make sure I've got the same

grade on this sheet. Make sure I did change it. I'm not

sure, but I hope it was printed off after it was changed.

If I change your grade make sure -- I'll double check it

okay? Sign the back, please, after you look at the front so

you have an indication of or I have an indication that you

were here and you saw the sheet.

What number am I on again? Fifteen. Oh, back to

fourteen. Supremacy clause is article six of the

constitution which states that the federal law will be

supreme to the state law. Which proposition that was passed

in California is not a not being is being enforced -- oh,

I'm sorry -- not being enforced to some extent because of

the federal government because the federal law supersedes

it. Medical marijuana because federal law does not allow

that there is pressure to prevent the uses of medical


Q If a vacancy occurs in the United States senate, the

state must hold an election; but meanwhile the place may be

filled by a temporary appointment made by the?

A Governor of the state. Chief executor, but the governor

is correct. The reason they use chief executor is that it

was possible for states to name their governor something

else. But all states have named them governor. However,

four states are not states. Four states are common

wealthes: Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, maybe it's

three are actually known as common wealthes. Do they

function any differently? No. I think that they maintain it

because they took that name on independence when they were

under the thirteen colonies.

Q A United States senator is elected to a term of?

A Six years.

Q Appropriation of money for the armed services can be

only for a period limited to --?

A Two years.

Q The chief executive and administrative officers make up

the --?

A Executive branch of government.

Q Who passes laws dealing with piracy?

A Congress. Because piracy is usually interstate or open

seas. Do we have piracy still today? Yes we do.

Forgetting software and going to the flea market and by

CDs. The fact is that there is piracy on the open seas

especially by the Carribean and back by the China Sea. We

have problems with boat people that has been a problem with

-- but the Pirates of the Caribean are still floating

around. They close down they changed the exhibits at the

Pirates of the Caribbean it caused a big stir just -- you

know what I'm talking about? Aren't anything sacred, I mean

gee whiz. The number of the representatives which a state

is entitled to have in the House of Reps is based on --

A Population.

Q The constitution protects an individual against

punishments which are?

A Cruel and unusual. Did we decide what a cruel and

unusual punishment was in this class? What do you think a

cruel and unusual punishment is besides listening to my

lectures? Nobody's got any idea what a cruel and unusual

punishment is? So anyway?

A Torture. Yeah. Does it have to be both cruel and

unusual or does it -- if you die their skin purple it's not

necessarily cruel, but it's definitely unusual. I don't

know. Good question. It does say cruel and not cruel or.

So think -- what about the gas chamber. They did declare

the gas chamber cruel and unusual in the sense that they

decided that it was too long a wait and for the person to

die and so now lethal injection is being used so the gas

chamber has been basically outlawed I guess. They stopped

using it in California. But if a person is going to get the

death penalty for killing someone else isn't it the whole

point to give them pain or just to die? Just to die. Yeah

it's just to die. They're still dead no matter how you do

it. In Utah they give you an option of how you want to die.

In Utah you can choose either the firing squad or hanging.

Yeah. Which is not been declared cruel and unusual because

hanging is immediate; once your neck is broken you're dead.

And the firing squad is an immediate death because they are

supposedly expert. I decided if I got my choice in Utah I'd

ask them to do both hang me and see if they can shoot me.

See if they can shoot, you know, it's harder to shoot

somebody falling. I'm sorry. I told you we have these

weird images. Mine may be weirder than any of yours.

Q When a jury has heard and rendered a verdict in a case,

and the judgment on the verdict has become final, the

defendant cannot be brought again for the same cause?

A True.

OJ Simpson -- did you hear that he got mugged and took

the gun away from the guy and whatever. I heard he had a

knife. Yeah, wearing black gloves. Wise ass. Um, in any

case, obviously in the sense of OJ Simpson was tried -- once

in criminal; once in civil. It's a different charge so if

the charge was worded differently you can be tried twice.

For the same crime as although it's not the same crime as

such. Is there anybody who believes that OJ Simpson was

innocent? Usually I like to give the benefit of the doubt

in this particular case it's very hard. However, if I were

on the jury I would have voted not guilty without a second

question. As much as I am absolutely convinced beyond a

reasonable doubt that he did it, I think the city of Los

Angeles screwed up royally. Um, why? Basically because you

got a person there that's lying to them, Ferman he he's not

a racist they come up with the evidence that's number one.

Numb two, to find a glove sitting in the yard and somebody

hopping over a fence supposedly without a search warrant

raises a lot of constitutional questions in my mind. There

are a number of those factors that are very much a part --

consider it to have been a very very questionable kind of

case especially the police involvement as to -- I have

little doubt in my mind that that glove was specifically

dropped -- picked up at the crime scene and -- because

somebody does not take a glove with them, leave one at the

crime scene and drop one in his yard; I'm sorry.

Q Name two levels of government which can levy taxes.

Any level. Can you think of any level that can't levy

taxes? City, local, state, federal, water board. Dog

catchers. They can all levy taxes.

Q Communism was the type of government in -- All right,

first of all why would I find this question poorly worded?

A Because it's the -- well, first of all we could see

Soviet Union was socialist and that's true because it hadn't

yet reached communism, but I think communism is actually a

government and I think I said that in class that communism

and socialism are economic systems that communism would be

anarchy exist in itself Soviet Union was really


Is everybody signing the back of that sheet when you're

getting it? Okay.

Q Cases tried before a court of law are of two types,

civil and criminal.

Q By a majority vote of the members of congress, the

Congress can change provisions of the constitution of the

United States; true or false?

A That is false. Anybody here since my other class nobody

remember does anybody here remember how our federal

constitution is amended at all? Doesn't it need -- two

thirds in the senate and the house. Then it goes to the

states. Where does it go to in the states? It goes to the

state legislatures, right. You don't vote in the states.

It goes directly to the legislatures. How many state

legislatures have to pass for the amendment to be an

amendment? Three quarters. Which will account for 38

states today. Three quarters of the states have to approve

it after two thirds of the house and senate. In California,

what do we have to do to amend the constitution in

California? The state constitution? Anybody? Remember it

goes on the ballot. Either by the legislature or through an

initiative and if it goes on the ballot it means that we the

people have to vote on it. So in California we the people

actually do get to vote and it takes fifty percent majority

plus one whatever it is to pass as a constitutional

amendment in California.

27. For security, each state has a right to form a --?

A Militia.

28. The electoral vote for president is counted on the

presence of two bodies; name them? What are the two


A The house and the senate. The house of reps and the

senate. If no candidate for the presidency received a

majority of the electoral voted who decides who will become

president? The house of representatives decides. Among the

five top candidates. If nobody gets a majority of the

electoral votes. Going back and testing. Memories. How

many votes does that majority. How many electoral votes

does somebody have to get to become president? How many

votes does somebody have to get to become president? How

many electors are there voting for president. It's 538 and

the majority of that is 270. So it was 270. Good. Some of

you remembered something. Most of you forgot it after you

took the exam, but I just want to see who has the memories.

Q Of which branch of state government is the Speaker of

the House a part?

A Legislative.

Q Of the original thirteen states, the one with the

largest representation in the congress was --

A Virginia. And the way to have known that is that in the

beginning of the Constitution there is a little section

where it divides the thirteen states with electoral votes.

Virginia had ten electoral votes, New York eight, and

Pennsylvania eight. I put down Pennsylvania because I knew

that Philadelphia was the largest city. It had 35,000

people which of course is not extremely large by today's

standards. Boston we hear so much about had 10,000 people

at the time to have the constitution.

32. In case the president is unable to perform the duties

of his office, who assumes them? Monica Lewinsky, Hillary


A The vice president of the United States. Who is? Al


Q Capital punishment is the giving of a death sentence;

true or false?

A True. Amazed -- nervous on that one. All right what's

corporeal punishment. A beating. Giving of bodily

sentence. Corporeal giving to the body.

Q Involuntarily servitude is permitted in the United

States upon conviction of a crime. Which means what?

Slavery. Is permitted in the United States upon conviction

of a crime true or false? That is true. Those people on

the highways in their orange jackets pick you can up stuff.

You no one of the best cases for my perspective during the

1960s and during the '60s the Vietnam war was underway as

you know and there was a draft the number of people went to

the courts arguing that drafting people into the military

was actually involuntary servitude without committing a

crime and makes all sense in the world to me. However, the

courts through it out. Surprise; surprise.

Q If a state is a party to a case, the constitution

provides that original jurisdiction shall be in --

A The state.

Q Congress passes laws regulating cases which are included

in those over which the United States Supreme Court has --

A Appellate jurisdiction.

Q The legislatures of states decide how presidential

electors may in chosen.

A That's true.

Q If it were proposed to join Alabama and Mississippi to

form one state, what groups would have to vote approval in

order for this to be done?

A The state legislatures, and the federal legislature.

Q The vice president presides over Tipper Gore.

A The U.S. Senate. He is the president of the senate.

And as president of the senate, does he get to vote?

Maybe. In cases of a tie only.

Q The constitution limits the size of the District of

Columbia to -- what? Oh, is -- ten square miles. Square

miles. No, ten miles square. Not ten square miles. I want

you to numerically give me the difference between ten square

miles -- excuse me, number forty. I missed that.

A Ten miles square. Not ten square miles, but I wrote it

right. I did. I believe you. But I still want the

mathematical difference. I want you to explain it to me what

is the difference between ten miles square and ten square

miles. Come on, give me this crap. I want to see if you

can give me basic math.

A Ninety miles. I know it still would lose some what kind

of math teacher did you have? Ninety? The difference is

ninety square miles. Thank you. You didn't add the rest of

it and that gives you --. Now those of you who don't

understand what the hell we just did definitely need to go

back to your calculus class. Isn't that nasty? Don't you

hate the math teacher when they take a point off? And you

tell me I'm picky, right?

41. The only laws which can be passed to apply to apply to

an area in a federal arsenal are those passed by the --

federal government, the congress provided consent for the

purchase of the land is given by -- the state legislature.

Q In which branch of government is the Supreme Court

justice a part?

A Judicial.

Q In which document or writing is the bill of rights

found? Hard one, huh.

A Constitution.

Q If no person receives a majority of the electoral votes,

the vice president is chosen by the senate.

A That's true. Yeah. The president is chosen by the

house and vice said by the senate; the reason? In case the

house can't agree on a presidential candidate, the hope is

that the Senate can agree on a vice president candidate, and

then we can have a president. Because the vice president

would take over.

45. Name two things which the states are forbidden to do

by the United States constitution.

A Coin money. Issue titles of nobility. They're not

allowed to have any other system of government besides a

republic. They're not allowed to have import or export


Q If the election of the president becomes the duty of the

United States house of reps and it fails to act, who becomes

president and when?

A The vice president on January 20th at noon.

Q Circle the offenses below which, if you're convicted of

them, disqualifies you for voting.

A I know that any felony usually does. Murder is

definite. Petty larceny is not a felony. Issuing worthless

checks maybe depending on the size of the check and boot

legging may or may not be. Generally it is.

What is boot legging? Know what is boot legging really

refers to what? Is now referred to boot leg video or CDs

but that's not the original term. Liquor. You're allowed

to make a certain percentage for yourself but that is

considered boot legging.

Q Name two purposes of United States constitution. Now

the purposes of the United States constitution are where?

In the Preamble. So what are two purposes?

A Create a more perfect union. Establish justice. Ensure

domestic tranquility. Provide for the common defense.

Promote the general welfare.

Q Congress is composed of -- idiots.

A Congress is composed of the house and the senate.

Q All legislative powers granted in the United States

Constitution may legally be used only by -- the congress.

Legislative would mean congress.

Q Impeachments of United States officials are tried by --

the senate.

Q If an effort to impeach the president of the United

States is made, who presides at the trial?

51 is what? The congress.

Who presides at the trial?

A Chief justice of the Supreme Court. Who is the chief

justice of the Supreme Court. His name is on your word list

but you won't find it because you don't know it. Because

there are other names -- you might. Who is the chief

justice of the U.S. Supreme Court? William Renquest.

Q On the impeachment of the chief justice of the Supreme

Court of the United States, who tries the case?

A The senate again in this case however, the presiding

officer would be the president of the senate who is the vice

president of the United States.

Q Money is coined by order of -- U.S. Congress. Have any

of you seen the new quarters. God, it's like play money. It

feels lighter. I've not seen it yet. Yeah, they're yeah

they're putting out a whole set. You got some. Oh, here?

Oh, know not with me. I took a look at it. I couldn't

believe it felt so much lighter. You talk about the money

not looking real, this absolutely, you know, I -- so if some

people are checking is it a horse is on it or something.

Well it's not so much what's on it. Each place that's done

is has a different -- for six weeks. Is that what it is?

They go to a different state, but it's the weight and the

look and the feel that doesn't feel like a quarter. I want

money that feels like money. I just want money. Are

vending machines going to have to make change to adapt to

the quarter? It may not be interesting. So vending

machines just have some slide in the slot. The machine

doesn't take the new twenty dollar bill. Yeah that doesn't

surprise me because the design is so different. I wonder

about the quarters as well. Yeah that's right. It will

take the quarters. It will. That's interesting so I guess

it isn't as dramatic as we --

Q Persons elected to cast a state's vote for United States

president and vice president are called presidential --


Q If a person flees from justice into another state, who

has the authority to ask for his return?

A The governor of the state. The chief executor. Does

the person have to be returned? Constitution says yes.

Stangely even though we know of many many cases where

governors have refused. How have they gotten away from it?

Because they argued that their laws of that state do not

apply and so simply have refused to do so. Now, the only

major court case that I know of in where the situation was

the Dred Scott decision back in 1850 and he was ordered

returned of freeing slaves the constitution does require it

but. What if countries don't have extradition agreements?

Yeah there are many countries and sometimes the agreements

are specific. Many countries have extradition agreement,

but they will not return to a state that has capital

punishment. Like France or Israel. And therefore if a

person has committed a crime, we just had a case where

somebody -- they agreed -- had kicked him of the death

penalty and all of a sudden they back away so that they can

could get him back.

Q Whose duty is it to keep congress informed of the state

of the union?

A President. He does it once a year in January. Usually

it has been for many many years verbal.

Q If the two houses of congress cannot agree on an

adjournment, who sets the time?

A The president.

Q The power to declare war is vested in --

A Congress. Can the president declare war?

Officially not. As you know military troops are being

sent into action. American soldiers could easily been

killed so far. I'm anticipating in the next month or so

we'll have ground troops going into Serbia so under

presidential orders.

Well that pretty much finishes the elections and voting,

but we're moving on to the two party system. I still have

six minutes or so. So don't run away from me.

Q (by student) Is there any way for us to make up

something on our test like if we got a really low grade?

A Oh, no. The only way to do that that's I give you the

make up is in the sense of the interfaces. That gives you a

hundred points to average in which pulls your grades up at

least one or two. However the best way to make it up is to

study twice as hard for the final and do well there if the

grade was extremely low. Extremely low what I recommended

is anybody under thirty drop the class. Because there is no

way to make that up I think to a passing grade. Anything

above a thirty, is a possibly of a D and above a 55 is a

possibly of a C. Strongly.

We are moving onto what we call the two party system and

I think it's pretty obvious. It's not one thing they've to

explain, but the two party system because in the United

States we have basically we have two major parties. The

republicans and the democrats. We do have third parties.

We call them third parties because basically they seldom if

ever win an election. Every now and then do we just had it

happen where? A third party won an election? In Oakland.

The green party for the first time ever. Yep. Previously

they've never gotten more than 12 percent of the vote this

time 52 percent and are sending a woman to the California

assembly. It was quite a shock for everybody especially the

democrats. So seldom if ever win an election the Green

party is an example of a third party. It's strange for many

people from other countries because except for England and

maybe one or two other countries most countries have

multiple parties. They don't have two major parties. And

their parties are very distinct based on ideology. While

most of us would argue that there are difference between the

republicans and the democrats. Compared to other systems

many people have argued that really what we have is Dweedle

Dee and Dweedle Dumb. Alice In Wonderland. They are the

twins. The so-called identical twins in Alice In

Wonderland. The only difference was that one sucked his

thumb? I don't know. One had a red shirt and one had --

well, meaning you can't tell the difference.

For the $64 thousand question, who wrote Dweedle Dee

Dweedle Dumb? Louis Carol. Did we go through this before?

Yes. Well in any case. There are differences. And often

humor has been involved in the papers and on the radio to

distinguish the parties and within the humor maybe there is

some basis for reality.

Some of the kinds of lines that distinguish the

parties. Republicans read the business section of the

newspaper first. The democrats take the business section

and put it on the bottom of the bird cages. Republicans

fish from the sterns of boats; democrats sit on the dock and

wait for the fish to come to them. Republicans hang the

fish on the wall; democrats eat the fish. The republicans

-- the democrats name their children after sports figures,

entertainment figures; republicans name their children after

grandparents or their parents, wherever the most money is.

Let me see if I can think of some more. Republican men want

to marry republican women, but they insist on dating

democratic girls first because they figure they're entitled

to a little fun. Um, republicans always pull down their

shades in their bedrooms even though there's no reason to;

the democrats never do, but they ought to. Republicans

sleep in twin beds, that's why there are more democrats than

republicans. We'll see you on Tuesday.